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Books in essay

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How to Write an Essay About Any Book in English Class: Part 1

Broken Arrow casino developer says project will resume at in essay, undisclosed Tulsa County location. The Kialegee Tribal Town's planned Broken Arrow casino sits unfinished at the corner of 111th Street and 129th East Avenue. Now the tribe is planning to build a casino at a different location in thesis Tulsa County, a developer says. MICHAEL WYKE/Tulsa World file. A casino patron plays a slot machine. JAMES GIBBARD/Tulsa World file. A casino patron plays a slot machine. JAMES GIBBARD/Tulsa World file. A developer who partnered with a small Indian tribe that tried unsuccessfully to books in essay build a casino in Broken Arrow is and antonio not giving up on books in essay, the project.

Developer Shane Rolls, in an interview with the Tulsa World, said he hopes to announce sometime this year where a new casino will be built in Tulsa County. He declined to provide details. Rolls partnered with the Kialegee Tribal Town, a federally recognized tribe based in Wetumka, as part of an effort in and harmony world 2011 to build a casino at books in essay, Florence (111th) Street and Olive (129th East) Avenue in Broken Arrow. The tribe had about 350 members at the time, federal government records reflect. Usc Part Time? The proposed Red Clay Casino ran into stiff resistance on multiple fronts — from area residents, the Oklahoma attorney general, a congressman, the National Indian Gaming Commission and the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. The issue culminated in 2012 with a federal judge’s injunction halting the Broken Arrow casino plans. The Kialegee tribe won its appeal of the injunction in November but has not announced any plans in the months since. Rolls, interviewed late last month, acknowledged the difficulties with the Broken Arrow location. “We are not going to that site,” said Rolls, of in essay Tulsa. “That’s off the table. I can tell you that. “And there’s another site that’s under contract.” He said the new site is in Tulsa County. A spokesman for the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs said it has no pending gaming applications for quantitative methodology the Kialegee Tribal Town.

One obstacle for the tribe was a National Indian Gaming Commission opinion stating that the Broken Arrow property was not eligible for books in essay gaming via the essay Kialegees because that tribe did not have legal jurisdiction over in essay, the parcel. Speeches And Public Letters? Jared Cawley, a spokesman for area residents who opposed a casino, said he was surprised yet pleased that the books tribe is giving up on the Broken Arrow site. Residents opposed the location due to its proximity to homes, churches and an elementary school, Cawley said. The tribe “didn’t have the legal ability to put it there because of the way the speeches letters Indian gaming laws are written,” he said. Cawley conceded that it would be more troublesome for residents had the Muscogee (Creek) Nation led the efforts to build a casino at the location. “As far as I can tell, if (it had been) the Muscogee (Creek) tribe, from a legal recourse standpoint, we would be able to voice our objections, but we wouldn’t have the books same ability to stop it like we did with (the) Kialegee,” Cawley said. While Rolls declined to name the location of the new site, records obtained by the World show that at least four other properties have been discussed as far back as 2009. Before the Kialegee tribe settled on the Broken Arrow location, other locations discussed included land where a smokeshop is located at 101st Street and Memorial Drive, property near the Kimberly Clark manufacturing plant in Bixby and another parcel near 111th Street and Yale Avenue. But by spring 2010, the tribe’s focus was clearly on the Broken Arrow property, with the Kialegees and the two landowners signing a lease agreement.

Two years later, Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt sought a federal injunction prohibiting construction of the casino. U.S. District Judge Gregory Frizzell would later side with Pruitt and thesis issue an books in essay injunction, which the Kialegees were able to overturn on appeal. By then, however, they had already been looking at shylock essay, other land options. In 2013, the books in essay Kialegee Tribal Town sent the peace in the essay National Indian Gaming Commission formal notice of its intent to license a new gaming facility in books in essay Wagoner County, records show. The vacant tract where the Kialegees proposed to build a casino was northwest of 131st Street and 241st East Avenue. $3.95 a month: Get unlimited access to peace and harmony world essay tulsaworld.com so when news breaks, you know the facts.

Our veteran team of journalists is the largest covering northeastern Oklahoma. For a limited time, get a digital subscription for just $3.95 a month. Sign up now at books in essay, tulsaworld.com/subscribe. The Wagoner County land is owned by Neal Freeman, an enrolled member of proposal science both the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and the Kialegee Tribal Town, according to a National Indian Gaming Commission opinion on the licensing request. The land is also held in trust by the U.S. government, according to books in essay a 1953 deed cited in National Indian Gaming Commission records. That land status is key for proposal science tribes seeking authority to books in essay operate a casino. In a legal opinion released July 18, 2013, the National Indian Gaming Commission determined that the property did not qualify for gaming by the Kialegee tribe.

The “Muscogee (Creek) Nation, not the Kialegee Tribal Town, maintains legal jurisdiction over the Freeman parcel,” the gaming commission’s opinion states. “Accordingly, because the Kialegee lack jurisdiction over the Freeman parcel, the parcel is not Indian lands eligible for peace in the world essay gaming under (the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act) by the Kialegee Tribal Town.” Federal law states that tribes must exercise governmental authority over a parcel of land in order to conduct gaming on it. Principal Chief George Tiger, in an interview with the World, was asked whether he would like to see a casino eventually built by the Kialegee Tribal Town or one of its two sister tribal towns. “Economic development is books in essay certainly something that I certainly support,” Tiger said. “We can do it nation to quantitative nation. That’s something that has to be considered very heavily.” While the Broken Arrow site was Creek land, Rolls said the deal had to involve the Kialegee Tribal Town because of “lockout” provisions in the Creek Nation’s loan for its River Spirit casino. “They don’t want the competition to cannibalize their loans,” he said. “When you have a $350 million loan or whatever it is, they don’t want me going down the street and starting another project until I get this one paid for.” However, he and Tiger both said the in essay small casino would not draw business away from peace and harmony in the, River Spirit, which has a massive expansion of its casino on books in essay, Riverside Parkway underway. “We weren’t going to build one of those big ones like River Spirit. It was only quantitative thesis, going to in essay be like 25,000 square feet.

Like a sports bar with slots is what it was going to be,” Rolls said. Rolls said he wants to help the in the Kialegees complete the casino deal to provide revenue for tribal services. “This tribe really needs it. In Essay? Look, I could have dropped the ball when we got the injunction, but I told the Kialegee, ‘I’m going to usc part time stay in the fight with you guys.’” Key dates in Broken Arrow casino proposal. July 1, 2010: The Kialegee Tribal Town submits lease agreements to in essay the National Indian Gaming Commission involving land in Broken Arrow owned by Marcella Giles and Wynema Capps, members of the Creek Nation. March 31, 2011: A Tulsa County judge denies a request by Giles and Capps to approve the lease.

April 12, 2011: The Kialegee Tribal Town signs a gaming compact with the state of Oklahoma. Nov. 5, 2011: George Tiger is elected chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. Jan. 16, 2012: Tiger publicly opposes Broken Arrow casino. Speeches Letters? Feb. Books In Essay? 8, 2012: Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt seeks federal court injunction against casino project.

May 23, 2012: Giles and Capps, members of the research Creek tribe, apply for Kialegee citizenship. July 20, 2012: U.S. District Judge Gregory Frizzell issues injunction preventing casino construction. March 22, 2013: The Kialegees give the National Indian Gaming Commission notice of intent to books in essay license a gaming facility on land in the poverty-environment thesis Wagoner County. July 18, 2013: NIGC says the Wagoner County land is ineligible for gaming.

Curtis is books in essay a member of the Projects Team with an emphasis on database analysis. World Essay? He also covers federal court news, maintains the Tulsa World database page and develops online interactive graphics. Phone: 918-581-8471. Get email notifications on Staff Writer Curtis Killman daily! Whenever Staff Writer Curtis Killman posts new content, you'll get an email delivered to your inbox with a link. Email notifications are only sent once a day, and only if there are new matching items.

Please log in to use this feature. Books In Essay? Watch this discussion. Thesis? Stop watching this discussion. We have enough casinos in Tulsa County. Broken Arrow Wins. What, exactly, did BA win? [huh Broken Arrow didn't win. The rich NIMBY's got their way again. BTW I was delighted when Sullivan lost his bid for re-election. The judge should have recused himself from making the ruling considering his son worked for Sullivan and Sullivan was asking the in essay judge to block the time casino. In Essay? Hooray for NIMBY rights! Nevertheless, no neighborhood, whether in Tulsa or Broken Arrow, can rest easy for the future until some right of neighborhood review is research science recognized in our law with respect to books gambling casinos.

Why would a church object to research a nearby casino? Wouldn't they welcome the in essay opportunity to and antonio witness to all the sinners that the books in essay casino would bring to the neighborhood? Or do they worry that people might find the casino more entertaining and useful than going to thesis church all the time? That location at 101st and Memorial where the smoke shop is would be a GREAT location for a casino. Books In Essay? That part of town is underserved by the casino bidness. It's a long way from world, there to Catoosa, to 81st and Riverside, or to in essay the Osage casino way up north. Yes, there are scriptures that encourage contact with the unconverted for purposes of gaining converts.

But there are also ones that encourage efforts at separation from those who continually resist that conversion; try Matthew 10:14. I really do not believe that anyone within Tulsa's city limits is underserved by the existing casino business anyway. I believe that the location is 101 St and Yale. Smack in the middle of private residences and a small office complex. Oh goody, more locations for the poverty-environment thesis the indigents to lose their money. Books? what they think they can hide? Every earth move in Tulsa Co will no be scrutinized. The Tulsa World requires that you use your real first and last name on your account, which will appear next to your comments.

If you see a questionable comment or a fake name, click the report button next to science the comment. Review the guidelines to post comments.

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Patent Abuse or Genius? Is Kyle Bass Abusing the books in essay, Patent System? Yesterday the Wall Street Journal published an article explaining the novel strategy of thesis, Kyle Bass, head of Hayman Capital Management, to make money by invalidating patents. Books. Bass, who has teamed up with Erich Spangenberg, has filed several petitions for inter partes review (IPR) at usc part the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) asking the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) to in essay, invalidate patent claims covering drugs. After filing the IPR Bass then either shorts the stock of the company owning the patent, or he buys shares in companies that would be benefited by the patent claims becoming invalidated. What Bass is doing is alternatively characterized as creative and brilliant, or evil and abusive.

Once upon a time it was widely believed that post grant challenges would only be a problem for patent owners in mba essays, the high-tech sector. Increasingly, however, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are finding that their patents are coming under fire, which is in essay alarming given that these companies have relatively few patents covering the quantitative thesis methodology, commercialized product. If the Bass challenge is successful there will be many more that follow due to the heavy reliance on patents to protect the extremely expensive research and in essay development required to research science, take pharmaceuticals and biosimilars to market. Indeed, if Bass is successful it could be catastrophic for the industry. Regardless of whether you believe Bass is doing a public service, or he is engaged in an unforeseen abuse of process, an in essay important question remains: Is Bass able to use IPR to challenge patent claims in this way? Unfortunately, the answer is complicated due to the fact that the statute seems to suggest one answer, while the legislative history suggests a different answer.

Post Grant Review at the USPTO. The history of post grant review at peace and harmony essay the USPTO is books relatively short. And Public. Starting on September 16, 2012, on the first anniversary of the signing of the America Invents Act (AIA), the PTAB was born. The jurisdiction of the PTAB is greatly expanded compared to the previous Board of books in essay, Patent Appeals and Interferences (BPAI). Most specifically, the PTAB conducts trials within the Patent Office. Essay. These trials are required by the new procedures ushered in by the AIA, namely Inter Partes Review (IPR), Post-Grant Review (PGR) and Covered Business Method (CBM) Review.

These three new varieties of patent challenge allow a petitioner to challenge the propriety of one or more patent claims once they have been granted by the Patent Office. The challenges being brought by Bass are IPRs. In an IPR the books, petitioner may request to cancel as unpatentable one or more claims of a patent only on a ground that could be raised under 35 U.S.C. 102 or 103 and only on the basis of prior art consisting of research proposal science, patents or printed publications. Books. See 35 U.S.C.

311(b). The contest between the petitioner and patent owner is played out in an administrative trial in front of a panel of the PTAB. The PTAB will not institute an IPR unless there is a reasonable likelihood that the essays speeches and public, petitioner would prevail with respect to at least one of the claims challenged in the petition. The determination by the Director whether to in essay, institute an inter partes review under 35 U.S.C. 314 is final and nonappealable. See 35 U.S.C. 314(d).

According to the statute, “[a] person who is not the owner of a patent may file a petition to institute an inter partes review of the patent.” 35 U.S.C. 311(a). Thesis Methodology. Similarly, with PGR “[a] person who is not the owner of a patent may file with the Office a petition to institute a post-grant review of the patent.” 35 U.S.C. 321(a). However, when it comes to CBM things are quite a bit different: “[a] person may not file a petition for a transitional proceeding with respect to books in essay, a covered business method patent unless the person or the person’s real party in interest or privy has been sued for infringement of the patent or has been charged with infringement under that patent.” AIA § 18 (a)(1)(B). As you can see, in order to challenge a patent using CBM the petitioner must be a defendant in shylock, a patent infringement lawsuit, or have been charged with infringement. No such similar requirement exists for either IPR or PGR. This is why Bass has a legitimate reason to believe that he can challenge patents despite having no direct interest in the patent either as an alleged infringer, licensee or prospective licensee. Despite the fact that the statute on its face seems to allow any petitioner to file an in essay IPR, it still feels wrong to many in the industry that a wealthy businessman should be able to reap financial rewards for a situation he creates.

This is no doubt reinforced by familiarity with post grant procedures at the USPTO and time mba essays why they were created in the first place. Time and in essay time again throughout the peace and harmony in the essay, legislative history post grant proceedings were explained as being a faster, low-cost alternative to litigating validity disputes in Federal District Court. Books. That being the case, it would seem extremely odd that any petitioner could bring a post grant challenge to a patent when that petitioner would not have standing to sue to the poverty-environment, invalidate the patent in Federal District Court. Make no mistake about books, it – Kyle Bass would not be able to take his challenge to Federal District Court. He would have no standing to bring a Declaratory Judgment Action. There is no case or controversy. So why then would he have standing to bring a post grant challenge? Patent reform efforts that ultimately culminated in the AIA were underway for at least five years prior to and harmony in the world, enactment of the books in essay, legislation. In one earlier round of research proposal, reform attempts, on April 18, 2007, Congressman Howard Berman speaking on the introduction of the books, Patent Reform Act of 2007, explained that the post grant procedures in essays letters, the legislation were to “provide meaningful, low-cost alternatives to litigation for challenging the patent validity…” Berman would go on to say: “The post-grant procedure is designed to allow parties to challenge a granted patent through a expeditious and less costly alternative to litigation. Many have expressed concerns about the possibility of harassment of patent owners who want to assume quiet title over their invention. In an effort to address those concerns, the bill prohibits multiple bites at the apple by books in essay, restricting the cancellation petitioner to opt for thesis only one window one time.

The bill also requires that the Director prescribe regulations for sanctions for abuse of process or harassment.” This theme is constantly repeated throughout the legislative history. Post grant procedures were designed to be an alternative to litigation, and Congress was well aware of at least some potential abuses of the new procedures. The intent was to give those with a justiciable grievance a cheaper, faster forum in which to challenge a patent. Likewise, the procedures were designed to the greatest extent possible to prevent abuse of process and/or harassment. The legislative history is silent with respect to the type of books in essay, challenge Bass is bringing, although it stretches the imagination to peace world essay, believe that Congress intended to books, allow pharmaceutical companies to be subjected to peace in the world, a challenge by an individual or entity that would not have standing to sue in Federal District Court.

But Congressman Berman was not the books in essay, only one to make these same assertions, nor were they only made with respect to the Patent Reform Act of 2007. One of the three goals of the Patent Reform Act of 2007 was “to improve and clarify several aspects of patent litigation, including the creation of a less expensive, more expeditious administrative alternative to litigating patent validity issues,” explained Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) on shylock essay January 24, 2008. “The time has come to eliminate the books in essay, inter partes reexamination system and replace it with a new post-grant review system at the USPTO that will give third parties a quick, inexpensive, and reliable alternative to district court litigation to resolve questions of thesis, patent validity.” Similarly, in a report from the minority relating to in essay, post grant review procedures contained within the Patent Reform Act of 2007, Senators Tom Coburn (R-OK), Charles Grassley (R-IA), Jon Kyl (R-AZ) and usc part time mba essays Sam Brownback (R-KS), explained that post grant review procedures “should be timely and streamlined and should take issues off the table that cannot be resurrected in in essay, subsequent litigation, providing a cost effective alternative to litigation. To protect patent holders from harassment and abuse by a competitor or infringer, the system must be narrowly crafted with appropriate safeguards.” Fast forward to 2011. Peace In The. On the books in essay, Senate floor during the patent reform debate on February 28, 2011, Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) explained: “The bill will also establish another means to administratively challenge the validity of a patent at the U.S.

Patent and peace in the Trademark Office, USPTO— creating a cost-effective alternative to formal litigation, which will further enhance our patent system.” Senator Grassley similarly explained that the pending bill would “provide faster, less costly alternatives to in essay, civil litigation to challenge patents.” Senator Leahy also explained during the debate that post grant procedures would “offer productive alternatives to peace and harmony world essay, costly and complex litigation.” On March 7, 2011, Senator Leahy would again echo his previous comments, saying the books in essay, bill would “streamline the current ‘inter partes’ system so that it will be a more efficient alternative to litigation.” Similarly, Senator Mark Udall (D-CO) explained that post grant proceedings “are intended to serve as a less-expensive alternative to courtroom litigation and provide additional access to the expertise of the Patent Office on questions of patentability.” Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL), also spoke in some detail about the measures Congress was taking to help ensure that post grant proceedings did not become abusive. Sessions explained: “The bill also includes many protections that were long sought by inventors and time patent owners. It preserves estoppel against relitigating in in essay, court those issues that an inter partes challenger reasonably could have raised in his administrative challenge. It imposes time limits on starting an inter partes or post-grant review when litigation is pending. And it imposes a one-year time limit on the duration of these proceedings. All of these reforms will help to ensure that post-grant review operates fairly and is not used for purposes of harassment or delay.” In the time, House of Representatives, on books in essay June 22, 2011, the primary architect of reform in essays and public letters, the House, Congressman Lamar Smith (R-TX) repeatedly explained that the purpose of books, allowing post grant challenges to issued patents was to research proposal science, provide a low cost alternative to invalidate patent claims.

At one point during the day Smith explained that post grant challenges “would create a cheap and books speedy alternative to litigation— allowing parties to resolve these disputes rather than spend millions of dollars that litigation now costs. In the methodology, process, the proceeding would also prevent nuisance or extortion litigation settlements.” Even the Obama Administration understood post grant proceedings to be for the purpose of creating an alternative to litigation in Federal District Court. Then Commerce Secretary Gary Locke explained that a post grant challenge “decreases the books in essay, likelihood of expensive litigation because it creates a less costly, in-house administrative alternative to review patent validity claims.” Given the universal agreement that the purpose for creating new post grant challenges was to create a low-cost alternative to litigation to determine the thesis, validity of in essay, patent claims it is difficult to understand why the Bass challenge should be allowed to move forward. Furthermore, given the concern about extortion litigation settlements, abusive challenges and harassment of patent owners, it seems unlikely that Congress would be supportive of the type of research proposal, challenge that Bass is pursuing using IPRs.

Of course, if Congress wanted to limit IPR and PGR to petitioners who had a vested interest in books in essay, the outcome they could have done so, as they did do with CBM challenges. It will be interesting to peace in the world essay, see what happens with the Bass petitions, and in essay even more interesting to see whether Congress steps in to shylock and antonio essay, bail out the pharmaceutical industry. After all, it was the pharmaceutical lobby that drafted the AIA in in essay, the first place. How ironic that the proposal science, AIA could bring the books, industry to its knees. * For a compilation of speeches letters, documents that make up the legislative history please see Comprehensive Legislative History of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act , Compiled, Edited, And Abridged by Patrick A. Doody, Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman.

Gene Quinn is a Patent Attorney and books Editor and founder of IPWatchdog.com. Gene is time mba essays also a principal lecturer in the PLI Patent Bar Review Course and an attorney with Widerman Malek. Gene’s specialty is in the area of strategic patent consulting, patent application drafting and patent prosecution. He consults with attorneys facing peculiar procedural issues at the Patent Office, advises investors and executives on patent law changes and pending litigation matters, and works with start-up businesses throughout the in essay, United States and around the quantitative, world, primarily dealing with software and computer related innovations. Gene is admitted to books in essay, practice law in New Hampshire, is a Registered Patent Attorney and is also admitted to practice before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. CLICK HERE to send Gene a message. Warning Disclaimer : The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author and thesis should not be attributed to in essay, the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of and harmony in the world essay, IPWatchdog.com.

Read more. There are currently 37 Comments comments. The problem for Pharma is books only in respect of invalid patents they hold. The valid patents will remain intact. So one way of avoiding this problem and ensuring they have robust stock values is to make sure they only research science, try and monopolize patentable inventions. You miss the point. When an IPR challenge is brought patent owners need to be prepared to spend about $1 million (or more) to books in essay, defend a patent already lawfully obtained. Further, there is no reason to believe that IPR was intended to allow for essays speeches and public letters this type of strategy. Further, your view of a patent as a monopoly misses the point as well.

A patent only provides the books in essay, opportunity for monopoly profits for a very short time. Peace And Harmony In The Essay. A patent is books in essay not a monopoly, nor does it guarantee a monopoly. This is a critical distinction because to have monopoly power you need to the poverty-environment, have something that other people are willing to pay for and acquire. These valuable inventions were not the type of inventions that anyone thought would be subject to post grant challenge. Post grant challenges were created to books in essay, deal with low quality patents in the tech sector, not pharmaceuticals. Indeed, no industry actor would ever consider challenging a pharmaceutical patent in an IPR when there are significant advantages to challenging in Federal District Court under Hatch-Waxman. So it seems pretty clear to me that the Bass action here is the result of an unintended consequence of the AIA. I think this is further evidence that no one was really thinking very much or well when they improved the patent system.

Standing has been a requirement in and harmony in the world essay, article iii litigation since the books, beginning of shylock, time. Really, the improvements have only weakened inventor’s rights and converted a property system into a litigation/tort system stacked against inventors and firms who invest in research and development. They have substituted 1000 page requests for motions with 50 page limits, given disinterested individuals the right to books, threaten property rights of innovators, and introduced massive uncertainty into the field of innovation. And yet we will see another wave of “improvements” soon. Perhaps better regulations could be promulgated that would institute a standing requirement. Perhaps the Office should also consider whether it should respect the decisions it has already made in issuing the patent. While the statute creates a presumption of quantitative methodology, validity in books in essay, the courts, shouldn’t it be logical that the Office should be bound by its own factual findings, at least to some extent? If the Office isn’t so inclined, doesn’t it really decrease faith in essays letters, its own operations? The real mystery to me is why this ever took place. I may be wrong, but most of the invalidation arguments are obviousness arguments. In a world with all of the books, information technology available so readily, the fact that an obviousness argument can be collaged doesn’t seem impressive to me, nor fatal to the merits of an invention.

The fact that often the challenges are based upon several references, strikes me as an indication that we are focusing on the wrong things. We really need a property system that will encourage creativity in effective business relationships and quantitative thesis methodology licensing more than we need fanciful litigation. I can assure you I am not missing any of the points and in essay I like the article. And Antonio Essay. These procedures may be a new thing for the US but outside of the US we have had patent opposition procedures for books years that have been instigated by numerous interested third parties for 101 reasons one of which I am sure is making money on stock fluctuations. The thing is quantitative methodology that a reasonable number of US patents that have been “lawfully” obtained are not actually “lawfully” valid. Big Pharma are just as prone to books in essay, push the boundaries on this as anyone else. There is so called “abuse” of the essays, patent system from all quarters. This “new” US phenomena may get some to up their game. I see US patents across sectors that are of suspect validity every week. Just because Pharma spends big on RD and innovation does not mean they are entitled to invalid patents.

They are no more worthy than any other sector. We all know that Pharma play games with the patent system to extend their monopoly periods. I think the monopoly issue is just semantics anyway. There is significant advantage for post grant challenge over the courts. The main one being the quality of assessment and another is the costs. Books In Essay. In Europe for essay example most would prefer an opposition division that at least understands novelty as opposed to in essay, a Judge that may not and a quality low cost outcome. The US system at $1 million or more is just a bad joke from a relative point of view on quantitative thesis costs but it is cheaper than the unpredictable US courts. I know there may have been certain motivations for books in essay this new US system derived from a desire to thesis, “clean up” tech sector patents (which I support entirely), but I see no reason why it should not be used to “clean up” the patents in all sectors and Pharma is as good as any. I suppose Pharma is an obvious target for this “new” business model as they have fewer patents that are more critical. If you look at the tech sector post Alice 80% of their patents are complete trash…..but what about their stock values?

Hardly a flutter. That tells you something. I agree that this Hedge fund activity does not appear to books, have been envisaged at quantitative methodology least by those who proposed the in essay, system in the US, but it’s not that surprising to those outside of the and antonio, US. It may have been unintended but you could actually see it coming a mile off! What Kyle Bass is doing here just proves (again) that Congress failed to think through all the potential consequences of these IPR proceedings when enacting the AIA (Abominable Inane Act) legislation. And HR 9 has the in essay, same potential to peace and harmony in the world essay, cause such “unintended consequences.”

I would make one further point on “unintended” consequences. We see that occur all the time when the courts make decisions that are clearly not supported by in essay, the actual legislation or the spirit of the legislation. These Judges just make the law up as they go along. Business method patents are a prime example. These abominations and proposal associated bad behaviour are the root cause of much of the rapid and ill thought out legislation we are wrestling with in the US. There is plenty being caught in the crossfire. This is in essay rather intriguing.

When Erich Spangenberg was a big bad patent troll, he was using patent law to find infringers and make money. Now, he’s finding bad patents (at least from and harmony in the, his perspective) and books attempting to invalidate them. He’s only going after publicly traded companies which should have vetted their patents long ago. I suspect you’ll be seeing challenges to patents like, US 7,769,600, Disease Management System and Method — Allowing a patient access to research science, an automated process for managing a specific health problem called a disease. A low quality patent is a low quality patent. Invalidating pharma and biotech will require a deeper bench of experts on both sides and isn’t going after businesses who want to books in essay, let their customers read their email via wifi while sipping their morning coffee. One thing that I have not seen much reflection on is the essays letters, fact that inter partes reviews replaced the inter partes reexamination system, which also did not have a standing requirement. Books. Would Bass’ business model have worked just as well under that system, or are there special features of the current IPR system that are of particular concern? Sorry, but if you are trying to speeches letters, say that business method patents are a creation of the judiciary you are sadly mistaken. Read the Patent Statute and books you will notice that business methods are specifically mentioned in shylock essay, the text.

Furthermore, all kinds of books in essay, business methods were patentable long before State Street. Not surprisingly, I agree with you completely. The problem with patent legislation is that it does nothing to actually improve the system. The AIA just rearranged the chairs on the deck to create a different set of laws. It didn’t harmonize our laws with other countries.

We are just different in other ways than we once were. This is also a major problem with the Innovation Act. Shylock And Antonio. It seems that Congress wants to play whack-a-mole without any kind of thought about in essay, whether this improves the essays speeches, system or even addresses the in essay, problem they intend to solve. For example, fee shifting will not solve the the poverty-environment thesis, problem they think they observe. To get fees you have to actually prevail, which means going all the in essay, way to time mba essays, the end. In Essay. But we know that the big companies settle with patent trolls for nuisance value. The only time they fight to the end is with valuable commercial innovations. Gene — should Bass be successful in his IPR effort(s), would he have Article III standing assuming the losing pharma/bio company appealed? Yes I am aware of the history. I was of course referring to computer or internet implemented inventions and time mba essays post State Street.

Someone recently pointed out the books, clear increase in patenting rates post State Street. Usc Part Time Mba Essays. It’s clearly part of the problem hence the need to deal with junk tech patents. The “unintended consequences” of books in essay, State Street are “real” Patent Trolls not NPEs and methodology the current attacks on invention and innovation. I think the problem is more complex than that. The shift to this area of thinking has infested all areas of innovation and lead to some amusing outcomes. One example is US 8,865,100. The other is US Supreme Court and “abstract ideas”. The only books, problem I have with the US IPR area is the ridiculous costs.

We can achieve a usually quality result after an Appeal process in Europe for a fraction of usc part, these costs. The parties get justice as does the in essay, public when bad patents are dead. So these people are engaged with a stock play. Big deal. Parties have been using IP related issues for decades to shylock essay, impact company values and make money. Books. One upside of essay, this activity is decluttering the top end of books in essay, Pharma and quantitative thesis methodology increasing the in essay, drive for new technologies and acquisition from start-ups and dare I say it NPEs. I wonder if Mr Bass and Mr Spangenberg have a bob or two invested in that area? #128521;

Here’s a thought….perhaps we should label Kyle Bass a “reverse patent troll”, draw up an new scary image of quantitative methodology, what would look like and in essay bring a new round of legislation with massive Google-style lobbying efforts to Congress to combat this out of control “problem”. All one needs to do is convince Goidlatte and Issa that you are a champion for innovation, and visit the White House 230 times over the next few yearS #128578; Is anyone laughing yet about the current HR9 situation and all of it’s “unintended consequences”? Wonder if any of it’s backers give a hoot about science, this issue? I would bet not. Jeez, looks like true innovation in books, America is under attack from all sides, even if for time mba essays sport, by those with tremendous influence and financial resources….and only their own sole interests at heart. Maybe the Wall Street Journel (besides you Gene) is becoming the mainstream paper of record on this brazen daylight heist of America’s essential new business incubating process. Let’s hope folks in Washington are reading and paying attention. with all due respect – looking from the lens of purpose or intent may be informative. seeking to invalidate ip for the purpose of profit by speculation primarily serves a few people, speculators. it also seems to in essay, undermine the system that encourages entities to take risks in the process of expanding mankind’s understanding by rewarding them with exclusivity. speculation just produces more capital – the federal reserve has invented the mean to create endless capital – that at the end of the day seems to be hurting many people… i am in favor of ensuring a better life by encouraging and protecting people and science entities that focus on making life better by finding new and novel solutions and not just by making more money by speculation.

i am very much a capitalist, but believe without purpose and books in essay service to essays and public, others we are lost. hope this is in essay helpful. big lather inventor. Same sad, old story: Money men vs. idea men. Money men win. same story, new day with more understanding. we are learning that capital creation is endless, but good ideas are harder to come by – so as we evolve, good ideas need to triumph over quantitative thesis methodology, endless bad capital creation… or we all perish, surrounded by piles of worthless money:) “Given the universal agreement that the purpose for creating new post grant challenges was to create a low-cost alternative to litigation to determine the validity of patent claims it is difficult to understand why the books in essay, Bass challenge should be allowed to move forward.” I have a hard time agreeing with this statement. Nothing about Mr. Bass’s action are contradictory to the purpose of creating a low-cost alternative for determining validity. Even if each IPR/PGR costs $1 million to litigate (which is on the very high end of the ones I have worked on), that is still cheaper than litigation for both the challenger and the patent holder.

If anything, the statement made in the conclusion is inapposite to the issue of cost. Although I generally do not approve of the business model of NPEs/trolls, I am opposed to the sweeping legislation that is pending in Congress. And Harmony Essay. Similarly, I do not like the idea of in essay, having Congress “fix” the issue of hedge funds challenging patents of questionable validity. If anything, I view invalid patents to be a market inefficiency to the extent that they create barriers to thesis methodology, entry (real or perceived) for competitors. Mr. Bass is exploiting that market inefficiency to books in essay, make money. That sounds like an entrepreneurial approach that most capitalists could get behind. This article seems to suggest that IPRs and PGRs should be modified to change the standing requirement to prevent challenges from parties like hedge funds. Essays Letters. I see a similarity between this idea and in essay efforts to curb patent trolls. With respect to thesis, the latter, observers often say that we could cure the problem of patent trolls by in essay, preventing a party from suing another unless it is actually practicing its patent.

I abhor this idea, and I would guess that many of the commenters on this blog feel the proposal science, same way. Books In Essay. But how is the poverty-environment that approach any different from what is suggested with respect to preventing a hedge fund from challenging a patent’s validity? At the in essay, end of the day, I think the market can solve the problem posed by the poverty-environment, Mr. Bass all by itself. If a publicly-owned corporation wants to avoid exposure to challenges like this, they should give more careful consideration to the patent claims they prosecute. They can pursue a range of books, claims, some more broad and others more narrow.

By obtaining a large number of claims of varying scope, it makes challenges by third parties more difficult and less attractive to people like Mr. Bass. “. . . Usc Part Time Mba Essays. it still feels wrong to many in the industry that a wealthy businessman should be able to reap financial rewards for a situation he creates.” This is in essay another statement that seems incorrect to me. How has Bass created the situation? He did not prosecute the the poverty-environment, patents, not did he examine/allow the claims having specious validity. He did not create the books, IPR/PGR processes.

I hate that I am defending Bass’s actions, but I have yet to thesis, see a criticism of his tactics that makes sense. If the patent is valid, then I trust that the patent owners will be vindicated either at the PTAB or the Federal Circuit. with all due respect, mr. bass and other extorters of unearned rents may not care if they win or loose in in essay, the patent review process as long as they extract more profit than the science, cost of the hit and in essay run process – that is what really needs to be debated… as well as the collateral damage to the spirit of innovation that must now fear the speeches and public letters, bully of too big to in essay, fail money… big lather inventor. To be fair, Bass’s scheme relies on targeting publicly-held companies. The patents of small businesses (i.e., loosely-held corporations and privately owned companies) are not going to be at risk here because there is little money in it. I suppose he could challenge a patent of a small business if doing so would raise the thesis, stock of a publicly-held competitor, but I believe those situations are uncommon. Considering the fact that large corporations are probably the most common target of his challenges, I think that these parties have the ability to in essay, defend their patents, so I am not sure how much “bullying” is taking place. And they certainly can find creative ways to make these types of challenges less attractive, such as by obtaining a large number of methodology, claims with different scope (as I mentioned above). Certainly there is a calculus of balancing the potential profit against the cost, but I have a hard time believing that the stock will fluctuate very much just due to the fact that someone files an IPR challenge.

Beside, if the challenge has little merit, the patent owner can seek sanctions against the challenger. “Loosely-held” should be “closely-held” in the comment above. Sorry for the typo. Post grant trials instituted by the AIA did not really provide a “new” avenue of attack on patents, rather they are essentially just revised versions of previously available reexamination procedures (ex parte (which is books in essay still available) and time more closely inter partes reexam). The scheme being relied upon by Bass could have been readily implemented for over a decade prior to in essay, enactment of the AIA. However (and this is the poverty-environment thesis a BIG however), the former reexamination proceedings tended to be patent owner friendly and very slow – making implementation of Bass’s scheme much more difficult and risky. Accordingly, it is only the statistical success of invalidating patents in books in essay, trials in shylock and antonio essay, front of the AIA that make IPRs or CBMs an books attractive avenue for use in “schemes” such as the one discussed here. Proposal. We are already seeing a shift in the statistics of success in invalidating patents in front of the PTAB and I believe (hope) it will continue to become more balanced in the future.

In the end, I tend to agree that this is an abuse of the system, but it is not a new avenue for abuse – just a more friendly one (at least currently). From this side of the pond, the problems seem to in essay, be procedural in nature. The theory of allowing challenges by shylock and antonio essay, persons without locus standi is in essay good. The issue is quantitative that there is no penalty for over-lawyering. Books In Essay. The system will shake out once the rules genuinely allow a fair defence to be launched, and the PTAB proves it issues high quality judgments. Patents in Europe have high value and are challengeable by any person in EPO opposition procedures, but the costs are 5% because the EPO does not encourage parties to instruct the level of lawyering that seems commonplace in USA.

Let the hedge funds play in our world, their main interest is their own pockets, but the general public benefits from the quantitative thesis methodology, register being cleared of patents that are invalid. “That being the case, it would seem extremely odd that any petitioner could bring a post grant challenge to a patent when that petitioner would not have standing to books, sue to invalidate the thesis, patent in Federal District Court. ” How is the IPR Process any different than prior reexamination (post grant) procedures? In fact ex parte can be filed by anyone anonymously. I see absolutely no prohibition on this, and in in essay, fact the CBM procedure shows you Congress knew when it wanted to impose restrictions, and when it did not. I think we are going to see more of Bass and others because the language contains no restrictions. Congress was specifically trying to fix a problem with inter partes reexamination. It was not viewed as an adequate or suitable alternative to district court litigation. So that is why they say over and over again in the legislative history that they wanted to scrap inter partes reexamination in and public letters, favor of something that would be a meaningful (and used) alternative to litigation.

I think without a legislative fix it will be extremely difficult to in essay, prevent this type of speeches, use. The statute is pretty clear, and as you point out books in essay they know how to require standing because they did that with CBM. With the statute being so clear you probably never get to thesis, the legislative history for guidance. The real problem with interpartes was that it was not resulting in books in essay, the “kill” rate that the IP offenders wanted to thesis, see. Cost, really, has little do with it. Books In Essay. Let me explain why, as someone who gets to see this played out every day.

The business of patents is now almost 95% a defense attorney “perpetual employment” act. Big firms love patent cases, because their clients are easily cajoled into spending another nickel or dime (to the research proposal science, bottom line) on yet another frivolous motion. In Essay. Again, easy example from a real case: 1) complaint filed. 2) D immediately files motion for transfer (this costs about $50k-$100k) 3) Court does nothing, sit on it. 4) D files motion for lack of standing (this costs another $100k easily) 5) Court does nothing, sits on it. 6) D now prepares Answer, since no ruling (depending on complexity, could be $20-50k) 7) D now starts discovery by noticing the deposition of anyone remotely connected to the case, and asking for every piece of paper printed on the continent; this “process” easily sucks up $500-$1m. Yet, now, throughout this entire process, not once has the D responded to any of the merits of the case.

The case “exists” solely as a vehicle for generating more attorney fees. More importantly, not once has the D responded to research, a basic inquiry from the Plaintiff, like “hey, how much is at stake here? if its small, lets just figure out a way to books in essay, solve this amicably” – again, this is not a question D counsel want to answer, because if it became known really how little is stake (i.e., the plaintiff’s real demand) the essays speeches and public, client might be disinclined to keep spending giant sums of $$ Now fast forward a few years – the only time D counsel decide they want to shut down a case is books in essay when they’ve already milked the client pretty well, and now the incremental advantage of trial fees is science outweighed by the potential negative of an adverse decision. Would’nt look good on the firm resume! So you suddenly see otherwise blustering counsel now falling over books in essay, themselves trying to come to a “reasonable” agreement with you.

That’s 5 years and $3m later. Yet the plaintiff’s demand may have been as low as $400-$500k depending on the extent of infringement. In the end, the plaintiff may or may not win the case, but the D attys are ALWAYS winners. The client, having been forced to “settle” for research proposal $400k, but pay its own lawyers $3m, then starts a massive PR campaign complaining about the “high cost of litigation” without once acknowledging that it is almost always (and entirely) their own doing. Such is the in essay, sad state of anti-patent propaganda today, directly from the front lines. ‘Third-party’ is the broadest possible term for the poverty-environment thesis the drafters to have used; you assume too much if you think the drafters meant it to be restrictive. IPR seems to be modeled on books opposition proceedings, which are open to all who wish to pay the fee.

Gadflies or non-profit groups like EFF should be, and the poverty-environment likely were, considered to be a part (however small) of the IPR process. The quotes from senators don’t prove very much. Of course they confined their remarks to litigation, as this would represent 99% of IPR activity. That doesn’t show that they cared to restrict ‘third party’ to potential litigants. They didn’t care to restrict it, it seems. Again, the in essay, model is opposition. You make it sound like non-litigant involvement is absurd and never contemplated. Time Mba Essays. What about Peer-to-Patent? – the recurring idea to crowdsource patent examination? (however moronic we practitioners know that idea to be). See the attached link. Gene: I am curious if you view the third party efforts by EFF (funded through crowdsourcing) to invalidate the Podcasting patent – or past 3rd party efforts to in essay, invalidate WARF stem cell patents or Gilead HIV patents as any different than what Bass is doing?

There i$ one very evident di$tinction…. I personally think that if post grant procedures are an the poverty-environment alternative to expensive district court litigation, like they were sold, than it should only be possible to bring a challenge if the party bringing the challenge could have standing to books, challenge the patent in district court. Thus, third party challenges without standing would fail. And Antonio. If they want to challenge the patent third parties who have no standing should be required to pursue a reexamination, which is a subsequent examination procedure, not a post grant challenge. Of course, the way that the books, statute is written is not the mba essays, way it was sold, which is hardly surprising. I doubt seriously that most members of Congress read the AIA before they voted, and those that did probably didn’t appreciate what they were voting for anyway. thanks for the clarification gene! hopefully, more transparency in government and input from citizens will begin to make meaningful changes… selling one thing then changing meaningful details to pass something else is fraud !! As someone pointed out above, you only need read the EFF’s self-proclaimed mission to get rid of patents they don’t like (i.e. the Podcast patent) to understand who was “selling” this thing years ago. BTW where is Scott McKeown today to lament or criticize THAT supposed “abuse” of books, scarce agency resources?? Or is it, as we suspected, only the case that IPR=BAD when its inflicted on a non-NPE?

I think the time mba essays, main proponents knew full well what the scope of this procedure was going to be… they intentionally hid their ant-patent agenda (as they are doing now with the most recent (de)form proposal) because they didn’t want to publicly announce that it was basically granting a hunting license to books in essay, kill patents – particularly those of small inventors who cannot afford to defend themselves in these expensive proceedings. The whole thing was disguised, right down to the name – “America Invents Act” – the only thing that was “invented” were new ways to reduce patent rights – how farcical is that? The whole thing had that 1984 doublespeak spin from the shylock and antonio, very get go. Anon – I would suggest that $$ drives EFF PubPat decisions (and their supporters) as well. The cost incurred by large corporations defending their patents is the same regardless of why they are dragged into an IPR. Whose to say EFF and PubPat’s constituents don’t short stock as well? Gene: I guess I don’t understand your objections to books, 3rd parties bringing IPRs. I am not convinced that a 3rd party trying to invalidate patents is that different than a 3rd party NPE buying patents and asserting them against arguable infringers. It seems to letters, me to be the other side of the books in essay, same coin. Valuable patents (those that protect valuable products) are the focus of any invalidity or infringement action.

Would it be substantively different if a competitor of Jazz Pharmaceuticals or a generic pharmaceutical company tried to invalidate the Xyrem patent? As for re-exam vs. Essays Speeches And Public. inter partes review – although procedurally different, in essence each provides a similar outcome. Correct? It seems to me like the “hunting license to in essay, kill patents” only applies if there is an incentive. Science. Why would anyone spend the time or money to invalidate or assert if there wasn’t some type of books, upside – financial, public good, revenge/leverage or otherwise? To my knowledge most IPR’s have been targeted at large companies not small inventors…I am sure someone has the thesis methodology, data to test this theory…

In general, it seems like 3rd party IPR’s provide a reasonable option to challenge valuable patents…The problem as I see it, is the enormous amount of power that the USPTO wields in determining these outcomes. What is the problem with the USPTO wielding the “power” in IPR? The USPTO was the party that wielded the power to grant these often invalid patents in the the in essay, first place. Are the courts any better a place? We need to usc part time mba essays, get away from the mindset that issued patents are sacrosanct and each one is a sort of holy grail…..the pro patent at all costs mindset. Books In Essay. It’s this philosophy confusingly wrapped up in the innovation/investment area that has lead to many of the problems we see. A dispassionate, functional and low cost way of cleaning up patents is worthy in and of itself irrespective of peoples actual motives. Why kill a bad patent? Because we can and if so motivated we should. And Antonio. There is no value to the wider stakeholder community on not doing so. When it comes to books, “standing” there is one important issue.

The public. It is usc part time mba essays why in EPO proceedings even when a party withdraws the in essay, EPO is able to continue to research science, revoke a clearly bad patent in the “public interest” and there is nothing that the books, patent owner can do about that. The patent system is not just for those who actively engage with and use or abuse it. We keep loosing sight of that. Everyone has standing. with all due respect. standing is important to purpose and outcome. the patent system must serve people over money. without protection from quantitative thesis methodology, rent seeking money pools, innovation will distort society will suffer. recent events are proving money can be an endless commodity – good ideas are harder to come by.

our founding fathers understood the importance of enabling innovation to improve life over the interest of big money (the king queen in their time) – we should not now hand over that societal benefit to in essay, too big to fail money pools and kleptocracy… i have no personal issue with mr. bass, but do not wish to live by a creed that serves endless money over helping others with better ideas – in and harmony in the, my opinion, we are here to serve one another, not money. the nothing new under the books, sun to serve money ideology is dangerous. big lather inventor. I agree that the essay, patent system must service people over money but it does that through assisting in the focsued use of money. That is the books in essay, fundamental point and why it is important that standing does not preclude any interested parties. There has been an overemphasis in recent times in the US on the money rent seeking players in the system. It has blinded people to the reality. I have worked with companies that have avoided US market entry because of large volumes of junk patents in the hands of so called innovating practicing entities; big and small. The cost for entry is artificailly high due to this assymetry and the exhorbitent costs of thesis, dealing with the junk patent problem.

Where is their “standing”. As I have said previously the US patent system does not belong to the USA. In Essay. In fact as many non-US companies and applicants use it as US companies. By having inappropriate “standing” requirements you will see less not more innovation as it will push the research science, risks of in essay, market entry to a much higher level…..you have to risk being sued, which of course will happen as most abuse litigation to distort the market. Thats the purpose of a MAD patent strategy. Abuse the system with piles of junk so real innovators can’t enter the market with ease. This has a far geater impact on US innovation than any rent seeker behaviour. I am fundamentally on the side of the inventor and the generation and use of ideas but not through the use of a bastardised system which is shaped in the image of those who would abuse it from and harmony, all quarters. We have unforseen consequences and the answer is not to knee-jerk but to work out appropriate low cost solutions. Its the books in essay, same with the NPE/Troll debate.

Without careful thought we end up with baby bathwater scenarios and it is with that thought that I have some sympathy with Genes points about the way legislation has been enacated not necessarily the outcomes. I actually think that the the poverty-environment, notion that we pretend that everyting is new under the sun for the same money ideology is books equally damaging. Non-inventions recieving financial backing just becuase there are bad patents around means less money for proposal science real inventions/innovation. That’s economic madness and contrary to the purpose of the patent system.

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Analysis of Wallace Stevens#8217; #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; Essay. Books In Essay? There is something to be said for a man who can look deeply into his profession and define exactly what is that he does. The deaths of many men have passed without a definition of their lives, or a true understanding of what they do. In his poem #8220;On Modern Poetry,#8221; Wallace Stevens attempts to define his life#8217;s work and his passion. To a poet #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; serves as both a guidebook and a wonderful example of what makes poetics an amazing art. Stevens uses his talent to essays speeches and public letters explain his talent, taking the reader on a wonderful journey through the process of poem creation, and through the books in essay, human mind. The aforementioned guidelines that Wallace details in #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; are dead on and may have shaped the way that poems are created to this day. Shylock? He captured the true essence of poetics while allowing the reader to books in essay continue doing their job, using their mind and their imagination. Stevens weaves a visual path through the job description of a poem and leaves the reader wondering what is the poverty-environment, said, and how to take it. The journey of poem writing is a perplexing one, especially in books in essay, the area of method. When Wallace Stevens opens #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; with the line: #8220;The poem of the shylock and antonio essay, mind in the act of books finding/What will suffice#8221; (ll.

1-2). He is detailing the struggle to find the quantitative methodology, right word, the right scheme, or the books in essay, right time for change. He then follows with: #8220;It has not always had/To find: the scene was set; it repeated what/Was in the script#8221; (ll. 2-4). This is in reference to change and the modernist/imagist view of poetry in the past. This could be taken as a derogatory comment to the simplicity and complacency of past poetry. Regardless, I tend to take it as a comment on essays speeches letters the overall state of in essay poetry, a look at the past, but a welcoming of the state of current poetry. The first stanza of the usc part, poem simply details the struggles of books in essay a changing genre, and uses descriptive diction to do that. One great thing about a poem is that it leaves room for thought, for personal development, and for individual interpretation. Not only does #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; do those things, but it also tells the reader to do them. #8220;A metaphysician in the dark, twanging/An instrument, twanging a wiry string that gives/Sounds passing through a sudden rightnesses, wholly/Containing the mind#8230;#8221; (ll. 20-23).

The lines in themselves are perplexing and leave plenty of room for interpretation. But what a reader comes to conclude is that Stevens is suggesting that a poem buries itself within the human mind and plants a seed. The poem acts as a seed to thought, and it exercises the mind on a regular basis. Usc Part Time? A good poem is books in essay, one that makes the reader think, and peace in the world not just about the words, but about themselves and about their mind. The idea of a poem as a performer, be it an books actor in a play, or a musician playing an instrument, or a metaphysician playing an instrument is one of particular interest. Stevens uses the the poverty-environment, metaphor throughout the poem and does so quite well. The duality of the performer as the poet allows for books in essay, a wide range of comparison and gives way to a multitude of metaphors. In the following lines Stevens uses the idea of a actor on stage to present the depth of a poems words: #8220;#8230;speak words that in the ear, In the delicatest ear of the mind, repeat, Exactly, that which it wants to hear, at the sound. Of which, and invisible audience listens, Not to the play, but to itself, expressed.

In an emotion as of two people, as of quantitative thesis two. Emotions becoming one#8230;#8221; (ll. 13-19). The lines represent the books in essay, idea that a poem must cross over from reality to a level that talks to the reader and allows them to listen to their thoughts and not just the poem. The poem becomes simply a vehicle for the human mind; it opens doors and allows the usc part mba essays, reader to read about themselves. In Essay? When Stevens enters the second stanza he begins to give his guidelines for modern poetry: #8220;It has to be living, to learn the methodology, speech of the place. It has to books in essay face the quantitative thesis, men of the time and to meet. The women of the time.

It has to think about war. And it has to find what will suffice#8221; (ll. 7-10). The lines in themselves are quite simple, in their original form. They provide simple rules, but rules that were fairly modern during this time. The idea of including the meeting of women provides a fairly modern concept in concern to women#8217;s rights and public recognition. Poems have always been concerned with war, or with human suffering, but the modern idea of thinking of war provides an example of being both positive and tragic. The past hundred years had been fairly rose-colored, but beginning in the 1930#8217;s America took a turn for the worse and thus provided a reason to consider human tragedy.

For a poem to be living and to learn the speech of the in essay, place simply means it must me modern, or current. The final four lines are more intriguing and seem more complex than all of the methodology, previous lines. In Essay? They seem to be putting into action the ideas of the poem so far. He gives examples of what things would work as #8220;modern poetry#8221;. Modern poetry must find satisfaction, and some ways in which that may be achieved is through the discussion of a man skating or of shylock and antonio a woman dancing or combing her hair. These things must exercise the mind though. Modern poems cannot simply describe the action, but must look beyond the action, from the subject, to the writer, to the reader. While I cannot claim to fully understand Stevens#8217; view of books modern poetry, I feel that through his poem I can form some conclusions about his beliefs. Wallace Stevens was not a highly renowned scholar, but he did have an understanding of what he was writing. He could describe his work, and he could put it on paper for others to see.

As a student now finally gaining a respect for poetry it is nice to see what a poem writer thinks about his job. It is amazing to see that a poem can be made of any topic, and maybe that provides another point in the description of poetry. In a 28-line poem Wallace succeeds in providing a guidebook in the writing of good poetry, and gives the reader a lot to think about. Letters? But, as Wallace says himself, #8220;The poem of the act of the mind#8221; (l. 28). In Essay? University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 1 July 2016. Quantitative Methodology? Let us write you a custom essay sample on Analysis of Wallace Stevens#8217; #8220;On Modern Poetry#8221; for only $16.38 $13.9/page. In Essay? Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.

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Estimating Realistic Startup Costs. This article is part of our “Business Startup Guide”—a curated list of books our articles that will get you up and running in no time! Businesses spend money before they ever open their doors. Startup expenses are those expenses incurred before the business is running. Many people underestimate startup costs, and start their business in a haphazard, unplanned way. This can work, but it is usually much harder. Customers are wary of brand new businesses with makeshift logistics. Use a startup worksheet to essays speeches and public letters, plan your initial financing. You’ll need this information to set up initial business balances, and to books, estimate startup expenses. Essays And Public Letters? Don’t underestimate costs. Startup expenses: These are expenses that happen before the in essay, beginning of the plan, before the first month.

For example, many new companies incur expenses for research proposal science, legal work, logo design, brochures, site selection and improvements, and other expenses. Books? Startup assets: Typical startup assets are cash (in the form of the money in the bank when the company starts), and in letters many cases starting inventory. Other starting assets are both current and long-term, such as equipment, office furniture, machinery, etc. Startup financing: This includes both capital investment and loans. The only investment amounts or loan amounts that belong in the startup table are those that happen before the books in essay, beginning of the plan. Whatever happens during or after the first month should go instead into the Cash Flow table, which will automatically adjust the Balance Sheet. Some people are confused by the specific definition of startup expenses, startup assets, and research proposal, startup financing. They would prefer to have a broader, more generic definition that includes, say, expenses incurred during the first year or the first few months of the plan.

Unfortunately, this would also lead to double counting of expenses and in essay, non-standard financial statements. All the shylock essay, expenses incurred during the books, first year have to appear in the Profit and Loss statement of the research, first year, and all expenses incurred before that have to appear as startup expenses. Don’t count expenses twice; they go in Startup or Profit and Loss, but not both. The only difference is timing. Similarly, don’t buy assets twice; they go into the Startup if you acquire them before the starting date. Otherwise, put them in the Profit and in essay, Loss.

Many people can be confused by the accounting distinction between expenses and assets. For example, they’d like to and harmony, record research and development as assets instead of expenses, because those expenses create intellectual property. However, standard accounting and taxation law are both strict on the distinction: Expenses are deductible against income, so they reduce taxable income. In Essay? Assets are not deductible against income. What a company spends to acquire assets is not deductible against income. For example, money spent on inventory is not deductible as expense.

Only when the research proposal science, inventory is sold, and therefore becomes cost of goods sold or cost of sales, does it reduce income. Generally companies want to maximize deductions against income as expenses, not assets, because this minimizes the books in essay, tax burden. With that in mind, seasoned business owners and accountants will always want to thesis, account for money spent on in essay development as expenses, not assets. This is generally much better than accounting for this expenditure as buying assets, such as patents or product rights. Assets look better on the books than expenses, but there is rarely any clear and obvious correlation between money spent on research and development, and market value of research intellectual property. Companies that account for in essay, development as generating assets can often end up with vastly overstated assets, and science, questionable financials statements.

Another common misconception involves expensed equipment. Books In Essay? The U.S. Internal Revenue Service allows a limited amount of office equipment purchases to be called expenses, not purchase of assets. You should check with your accountant to essay, find out the current limits of this rule. As a result, expensed equipment is taking advantage of the allowance. After your company has used up the allowance, then additional purchases have to in essay, go into assets, not expenses.

This treatment also indicates the general preference for expenses over assets, when you have a choice. Why you don’t want to capitalize expenses. Sometimes people want to treat expenses as assets. Mba Essays? Ironically, that’s usually a bad idea, for several reasons: Money spent buying assets isn’t tax deductible. Money spent on expenses is deductible.

Capitalizing expenses creates the books, danger of overstating assets. If you capitalized the expense, it appears on your books as an asset. Having useless assets on the accounting books is the poverty-environment, not a good thing. Investment is what you or someone else puts into the company. It ends up as Paid-in Capital in the Balance Sheet. This is the classic concept of business investment, taking ownership in a company, risking money in the hope of books in essay gaining money later.

Accounts payable are debts that will end up as Accounts Payable in peace in the essay the Balance Sheet. Generally this means credit-card debt. This number becomes the starting balance of in essay your Balance Sheet. Essays Speeches And Public? Current borrowing is standard debt, borrowing from banks, Small Business Administration, or other current borrowing. Books In Essay? Other current liabilities are additional liabilities that don’t have interest charges.

This is speeches and public, where you put loans from founders, family members, or friends. Books In Essay? We aren’t recommending interest-free loans for financing, by thesis the way, but when they happen, this is books in essay, where they go. Long-term liabilities are long-term debt or long-term loans. The loss at world startup is very common — at this point in the life of the company, you’ve already incurred tax-deductible expenses, but you don’t have sales yet. So you have a loss.

Don’t be surprised; it’s normal. Cash requirements is an estimate of in essay how much money your startup company needs to have in its checking account when it starts. In general, your Cash Balance on Starting Date is the money you raised as investments or loans minus the cash you spend on expenses and assets. As you build your plan, watch your cash flow projections. If your cash balance drops below zero then you need to increase your financing or reduce expenses. Research? Many entrepreneurs decide they want to raise more cash than they need so they’ll have money left over for contingencies. However, although that makes good sense when you can do it, it is hard to explain that to investors.

The outside investors don’t want to books, give you more money than you need, for thesis, obvious reasons—it’s their money! This article is part of our Business Funding Guide: fund your business today, with Bplans. Need help finding a loan? Try our small business loan finder. I found this very informative, thank you for having it available! Wonderful! Very helpful information, it answered the question to books in essay, my situation. Startup costs – Assets / Expenditure.

I have a new small business and want to time, keep the books for all the activities since we started. What i can’t get my head around is books in essay, what ledger book i am supposed to letters, reflect the recording of my assets costs (receipts) and my expenditure costs (receipts) for the time period i ahve taken to get to the point that we started our business? I am not making any sales yet as i am a clothing retail business. There are several resources to your questions, some even on our website. You can locate our expert advice tab at the top of the page. You can also go to Google and search for forums designed to be of assistance to people who are searching for more complex help. Palo Alto Software. Yuor website has been a great push to my awareness on self employement and my business success thank you so much. I FOUND THIS IS VERY INFORMATIC AND FULLFILL THE REQUIRMENT THANK YOU FOR PUBLISHING. I found the information very useful. In Essay? I am thinking of buying a franchise, alot of shylock initial expenses are included in the franchise fee.

How would I put those figures into a statement? I would like to expand my farming operation and was wondering what advice you could give on acquiring loans to do so.Thanks. I enjoyed reading the informatin you have made available. Can you offer some advice. I am interested in buying an existising business. I have no security to help me with this. The estimated cost is $80,000.00. Where can I go for books in essay, help?

I really like reading the inform you give me and it was real helpful to me. I would some more information on starting up a launday mate and peace world essay, if it wounld be a good investment and where i can go to get it? The information you provided was very helpful. I wan’t to start a private chef and small catering business. What type of insurance do I need?

I have no funds to start with, but I’am working to save money to start small. I do not want any loans of any sorts. Paying off school loans and other expenses. Books? I want to and harmony in the essay, live my dream as culinary professional private chef. Help me decide what is right. Hi my name is Linda, how do i estimate start cost for books, a child care business? I have no start up money and the poverty-environment thesis, the building need some work. I am tring to start up a snow removal business this winter season of 2009. I have priced the equipment that I need, but I have no truck nor do I have the books, start up money to do so. How do I get the needed funds to peace in the, do what I have to books, do, and the poverty-environment, still take care of my wife and son?

This website is very helpfull, it answered my questions. Thank you very much. I am interested in making a business plan for my company ! Me and a partner of mine is starting up a Construction Company, and books, I was wanting to know how to get start money to do so, and to maintain my family ? Dumb question, but from the example above, what is the formula for Total Capital? How do you get $499K? I’ve always been bad about getting realistic start up costs. I get the costs of methodology materials, advertising, and all the bills in books in essay order but I often forget to figure in my own payment and quantitative, what I need to survive/eat for the months that I’m waiting on in essay sales… that often leaves me getting a part time job every couple of months to catch up again. I’ve already started a business,a bar,and it’s been running for close to a month now but I haven’t yet recorded sales as I had projected and as that isn’t enough it needs refinance. Did i overlook some issues because i don’t have cash with me bearing in mind that i have a family to take care of. May i change my plan inorder to cater for both or should i hang the project.

I’ll appreciate your help. Thanks. I’ve been in reproduction for quantitative, about 15 yrs, so I want to books, start my own business in that field. I’m trying not to usc part mba essays, think too big because the books in essay, equipment can be very expensive. This will help me to narrow my expenses to what I would like to spend, and finance. GREAT INFORMATION! I already own a home in Las Vegas which is paid off, my wife and I want to the poverty-environment, start a small bed and breakfast with license costs and permits what would you say roughly would be a start up cost for this? I am interested in making a business plan for my company ! We are going starting up a acquirer credit card Company, and in essay, I would like to know on macro view how to get start money to do so, and the investments is required?

People this information is set as a guideline. Asking the author what your expected start-up costs for specific business ventures is like asking someone else to do all the work for peace in the, you. You want to start a specific business you need to find the drive and determination to gather and analyze the information to determine what your own start up costs might be. Call around, make the effort to find out all of the information on your own, it will help make your business specific to books, you. Not someone who can project random estimates. Speeches And Public Letters? Only you hold the in essay, key to essays and public, finding out what your specific costs might entail.

Every month hundreds of millions of dollars are invested in CD’s by individuals who will only in essay, put their hard-earned dollars in methodology a safe investment. How often has an insurance agent or other financial professional reasoned with a client about the books in essay, safety and advantages of an annuity or single premium life policy only to thesis methodology, lose his commissions to the local bankers’ certificate of deposit? It happens all the time! Thank you! Got some good ideas. Books? There were things here that I didn’t consider and now I feel like I got a bit of a better idea of what to expect.

I know there’s going to be some unexpected expenses that will come out of know where but bring them on! I’m ready! #128578; I will be retiring in the next year and have decided to shylock, open a flower shop in a small midwest town near St. Joe MO. Books In Essay? I plan on gathering as much of the equipment as I can prior to retirement, and have the business ready to open 2 months after I retire from my currant job. How do I figure my start up cost and speeches and public, where can I find an investor and funding? Besides this article and in essay, others like it on bplans.com you can use the Startup Costs Calculator to thesis, estimate your startup costs. As for investors and in essay, funding – again, we offer many articles on this subject.

Please do a search on time mba essays investors or how to get funding and you’ll find some great advice there. And of in essay course, it’s always best to check out your local SBDC or SCORE offices for assistance. That’s what they’re there for! Hope that helps you out some. I agree with Joe a few comments up.

I have been researching for months about starting a mobile coffee/espresso business in my town. While the experience has been very frustrating and time consuming wading thru hundreds of websites looking for information I have finally gotten to the point to purchase the business plan. One think I can suggest to quantitative, anyone wanting to books in essay, start up a business is to find a mentor! I just happen to proposal science, have a neighbor that owns a small coffee drive thru and books in essay, he has been very generous with his knowledge and training. His experience in this business is invaluable so if you are able to find someone in your business of choice interview them and see if you can learn from them. Read, Read, Read and good luck!! Oh and always respect your mentor’s ‘territory’:)

I want to start a day spa but I don’t know where to in the essay, look to find competitive pricing or start-up costs. That’s a great question Judy. I’m going to give you a couple of resources for this. One being the industry research reports that we sell on Palo Alto Software. You can look at books in essay the sample report on essays letters that page I linked to. Books? The report will show you the average information in whatever regional area you picked, down to County level. I would also suggest contacting your local Chamber of Commerce and/or Small Business Development Center or SCORE office. They will be incredibly helpful in tracking down resources and shylock and antonio, getting you started.

Is it possible to get funding for start up costs without having any capital investment of your own to put into a company ? How strongly does a good business plan factor into books, this? Thanks #128578; If part of your business loan includes the purchase of a building and inventory, can the bank use the building you are purchasing as collateral? The information was very useful and not weighted down with jargon. It was straight to the point and I would recommend your site to everyone in shylock essay need of business information. Its a wonderful learning oppurtunity and i would definitely like to books in essay, learn more. Thank you very much.

I have learnt a lot from this informative educative write-up. Very informative article. Not only do you outline what it might cost to research proposal, get a business up and books in essay, running (which most new business owners are interested in) but really begins to build the foundation on what can actually be expensed. Most new business owners only realize this when tax returns are due and peace world essay, their CPA is books in essay, saying you might have a couple of issues here. Very well put together. i want to know how do i find out mba essays how much it will cost to open up my own daycare? where is the best place i start looking for money? what all should i put in books in essay my portfolio or should i make one and how should i start it. I got paid 104,000 bucks last year by working online from my house a­n­d I manage to accomplish that by working part-time f­­o­­r several h /day.

I used a money making model I found on-line and I am thrilled that I was able to and antonio essay, earn so much extra income. It’s really beginner friendly a­n­d I’m just so happy that i found this. Here is what i did… http://www.wzurl­.­me/8bX__A. Thank you. This proved to be very informative.

i am building my strong concept with the help of in essay ur website. thank you. Thank you. This proved to be very informative. I bought a bobcat for my new bobcat service business, can I expense it or does it have to be considered an asset? i dont think if its a real expense card for starting a small business. it is more likely for a medium one.

Please help me start my business… Great info, Estimate cost of any app/ website is depends on functionallty , i want to start a own business and i want to known how do i find out usc part time how much it will be cost to books, create an app/ website, but logiscpice is the great place to calculate cost of your app/website. Thesis? You can find your estimate cost app, it’s really helpful. So i recommanded you logicspice to find estimate cost of your app/web , right place to develop your app. Informative article! I would recommend the readers to go through the books in essay, related articles too [in this Website] . That would help us a great deal! Educative – one should say! Do we have any exe application or an mobile app related to speeches, this?

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