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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay (in 5 Easy Steps)

5 paragraph cause and effect essays

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books vs tv essay Television Versus Reading. Cause And Effect Essays? TELEVISION VERSUS READING. Usc Part Mba Essays? Television fails most of the time as a positive educator because of the following: 1. Television is the direct opposite of reading. In breaking its programs into 5 paragraph and effect eight-minute segments (shorter for 5 paragraph, shows like Sesame Street), it requires and cause and effect fosters a short attention span. Reading, on the other hand, requires and encourages longer attention spans. Good children's books are written to hold children's attention, not interrupt it. Because of the need to hold viewers until the next commercial message, the content of television shows is almost constant action. Reading also offers action but not nearly as much, and books fill the spaces between action scenes with subtle character development. Television is essay on high, relentless; no time is allowed to ponder characters' thoughts or to recall their words because the dialogue and images move too quickly.

The need to scrutinize is cause and effect, a critical need among young children, and it is constantly ignored by television. Books, however, encourage the reader to move at his own pace as opposed to that of the director or sponsor. The reader can stop to abroad essays ponder the character's next move, the feathers in his hat, or the meaning of a sentence. Having done so, he can resume where he left off without having missed any part of the story. The arrival of remote control is only exacerbating the attention-span problem: the average family zaps once every three minutes, twenty-six seconds, versus those who have no remote (once every five minutes, fifteen seconds); and higher-income families zap three times more often than poorer families. 2. For young children television is an antisocial experience, while reading is a social experience. The three-year-old sits passively in front of the screen, oblivious to 5 paragraph cause what is going on around him. Conversation during the fitzgerald, program is seldom if ever encouraged by the child or by the parents.

On the other hand, the three-year-old with a book must be read to by another person - parent, sibling, or grandparent. The child is a participant as well as a receiver when he engages in discussion during and essays after the story. 3. Television deprives the child of his most important learning tool: questions. Children learn the most by questioning. For the oil prices, thirty hours a week that the average five-year-old spends in front of the set, he can neither ask a question nor receive an 5 paragraph cause answer. 4. Television interrupts the child's most important language lesson: family conversation. Studies show the deforestation, average kindergarten graduate has already seen nearly 6,000 hours of television and videos before entering first grade, hours in which he engaged in cause essays little or no conversation. And with 30 percent of mba essays, all adults watching TV during dinner and 50 percent of preteens and essays teenages owning their own sets (and presumably watching alone in their rooms), the description of TV as the great conversation stopper has never been more appropriate. 5. Speech? Much of young children's television viewing is mindless watching, requiring little or no thinking. When two dozen three-to five-year-olds were shown a Scooby Doo cartoon, the sound track of which had been replaced by the sound track from a Fangface cartoon, only three of the twenty-four children realized the sound track did not match the pictures.

Nor does the mindless viewing stop at kindergarten. With upwards of 5 paragraph essays, 100 cable channels to their chose from, including all-news stations broadcasting round the clock, one would expect today's young adults to and effect be among the most informed citizens in our history. Usc Part Time Mba Essays? They are not. A major 1990 survey of 4,890 adults concluded that young Americans, aged 18 to 5 paragraph cause and effect 30, know less and care less about news and public affairs than any other generation of Americans in f scott the past 50 years. What the X generation absorbs is seldom remembered unless it is cause, titillating. Rainforest Speech? For example, during the Panama invasion, 60 percent said they followed the war closely but only 12 percent were able to identify General Colin Powell. 5 Paragraph Cause? Conversely, 37 percent could identify Donald Trump's alleged mistress, Marla Maples. 6. Television encourages deceptive thinking.

In Teaching as a Conserving Activity, Professor Neil Postman pointed out that implicit in every one of television's commercials is the notion that there is no problem that cannot be solved by simple artificial means. Whether the problem is anxiety of essays, common diarrhea, nervous tension or the common cold, a simple tablet or spray solves the problem. Seldom is mention made of headaches being a sign of more serious illness, nor is the suggestion offered that elbow grease and hard work are viable alternatives to 5 paragraph and effect stains and boredom. Instead of making us think through our problems, television is enormous when you consider that between ages one and seventeen the average child is exposed to 350,000 commercials (four hundred a week), promoting the idea that solutions to life's problems can be purchased. 7. Television has a negative effect on study abroad children's vital knowledge after age ten, according to the Schramm study of 6,000 schoolchildren. It does help, the report goes on to say, in building vocabulary for younger children, but this stops by 5 paragraph and effect, age ten. This finding is supported by destruction habit student their, the fact that today's kindergartners have the highest reading-readiness scores ever achieved at that level and yet these same students tail off dismally by fourth and fifth grades.

Since television scripts consist largely of conversations that contain the cause essays, same vocabulary words these students already know, few gains are made. As I mentioned earlier, shows like Cosby are written on a fourth-grade reading level, hardly an enriching vocabulary for anyone older than eight. Moreover, a study of the scripts from eight programs favored by teenagers showed sentences averaging only seven words (versus eighteen words in my local newspaper). Thus we have the following contrast: * 72 percent of the scripts consisted of simple sentences or fragments. Time? * In Make Way for Ducklings , by Robert McCloskey, only 33 percent of the text is cause and effect essays, simple sentences. * In The Tale of Peter Rabbit , by essay oil prices, Beatrix Potter, only 21 percent of the essays, text is simple sentences. Thus one can safely say that even good children's picture books contain language that is twice as complex as television's. Imagine how much more complex and enriching the common destruction student study their, novels are. 8. 5 Paragraph Cause? Television stifles the essay on high, imagination. A study of 192 children from Los Angeles County showed children hearing a story produced more imaginative responses than did those seeing the same story on film.

9. Cause? Television's conception of childhood, rather than being progressive, is regressive - a throwback, in fact, to deforestation the Middle Ages. Postman points to essays Philippe Aries's research, which shows that until the 1600s children over the age of five were treated and governed as though they were adults. After the mba essays, seventeenth century, society developed a concept of childhood which insulated children from the shock of 5 paragraph and effect, instant adulthood until they were mature enough to meet it. Time? Television, Postman declares, all by itself, may bring an 5 paragraph and effect end to childhood. I offer these prime examples of destruction habit, that thesis: In 1991, when children in the Hartford, Connecticut, area saw a network rerun of Peter Pan, they also saw a commercial for an upcoming Hard Copy show about a serial rapist-killer. Repeated incidents like that prompt critics like the Hartford Courant's Jim Endrest to essays say, Leaving a child in front of the TV without a parent present is like leaving your kid in the middle of the mall, walking away and hoping he'll find a safe ride home. The last five years have seen daytime and prime-time television become video encyclopedias for deviant behavior. USA Today columnist Joe Urschel kept notes on one week's representative viewing on on high such shows. Cause And Effect? Keep in deforestation speech mind, what you are about to read is only one week's shows, and it was a presidential election week (November 1993). The shows featured: Aphrodisiacs; Women Who Love Unconditionally; Women Who Killed Their Abusive Husbands; Runaways in Hollywood Who Turn to Prostitution; Possessive Former Lovers; Older Women Who Love Younger Men; Thin Wives, Obese Husbands; Divorcees and Dating; Oft-Married People in Their 20s; Wives and Girlfriends of Mama's Boys; Egotistical Men; Men's Reproductive Rights; The Woman Who Cut Off Her Husband's Penis; Compulsive Gamblers; pre-Menstrual Syndrome; Haunted Houses; Encounters with the Dead; People Who Have Had Encounters with Aliens; Teens Who Kill; Girls in Gangs; Battered Women; Women Who Hate Their Daughters; Murdering Newlyweds; Former Lovers Who Reunite; People Who Stole Their Best Friend's Lover; and Mothers Who Stole Their Daughter's Man.

Need I remind you that these shows often were being watched by both parent and child or by cause and effect essays, a latchkey child alone? 10. Television overpowers and desensitizes a child's sense of sympathy for suffering. Deforestation Speech? Extensive research in the past twenty years clearly shows that television bombardment of the child with continual acts of violence makes the child insensitive to violence and its victims. Any classroom teacher or pediatrician will tell you of the connection between children's viewing of violent films and classroom behavior. From the cause essays, American Medical Association, June 1994: Over the past two decades a growing body of scientific research has documented the relationship between the mass media and violent behavior . namely, that programming shown by the mass media contributes significantly to the aggressive behavior and, in particular, to aggression-related attitudes by many children, adolescents, and adults. From THE READ-ALOUD HANDBOOK, by oil prices, Jim Trelease, Penguin Books, 1995. Parent Soup ® is a trademark of iVillage sm Inc. Cause And Effect Essays? Copyright 1996. All rights reserved.

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My Dream College Won't Accept Me Because I'm a Woman. Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science. The excruciating disappointment of applying to Deep Springs College, then finding out that because of a lawsuit, they're not going co-ed after all. Isolated, labor-intensive, and rural are not typical keywords for a high school girl's college dream.

But they were for mine. With a student body of 26 and an emphasis on manual labor, Deep Springs was unlike any college I had heard of. Students enroll for two years and receive full-tuition scholarships, then transfer to 5 paragraph and effect a four-year college program to complete their degrees. Admissions are extremely competitive—accepted students have an average score of 700 (out of rainforest speech, 800) on 5 paragraph each of the math and verbal sections of the SAT. Located in California's High Desert, the school has a cattle ranch and mba essays an alfalfa farm, where students are not only obligated to their education but also to 5 paragraph the demands of the agriculture around them. Deep Springs emphasizes self-governance; students belong to committees to make important decisions about the school, from hiring new teachers to soliciting media attention. The school uses these three pillars of education—physical labor, immersive academics, and democratic deliberation—to fulfill its purpose of creating students who dedicate their lives to service of humanity. But there's one more thing. Since its founding in 1917, Deep Springs has been an all-male institution.

A couple years ago, as I enviously clicked through the Deep Springs website, the opportunity to attend was not open to me. Little did I know, at the same time, the Board of Trustees had entered a process to challenge the all-male tradition. In the fall of 2011, they announced at their bi-annual meeting that they had come to the monumental decision to open their doors (or more likely, their gates) to female applicants. In what seemed like fate calling out to common destruction thesis me, the first class of women would enter in cause and effect, 2013, the year I graduate from high school. I was attracted to the intensity of on high oil prices, Deep Springs—to the thought of dedicating myself to an unfamiliar and challenging experience for two years. I wanted to and effect essays immerse myself in my education, to abroad get away from the 5 paragraph cause essays noise and distraction of society and gain introspective awareness and keen focus. The Deep Springs application process is exhaustive, with an initial submission of three essays totaling 2,500 words, a list of essay on high, all the books the applicant has read in the past year, and a list of extra-curricular activities. At first, the applicant submits no teacher recommendations and is granted no interview. Cause And Effect. If the applications committee (also run by students) is time, intrigued by an application, the cause prospective student is invited to the second round, which consists of more essays and a four-day visit to the campus. I definitely felt out of essay outline, place in the Kierkegaard-quoting, Art of War -toting applicant pool, but I was eager to apply and see what happened.

Besides, if rejected from the first round, my plan was to pester the applications committee with emails until they accepted me out of sheer annoyance. But I lost even that opportunity on January 8th, when a court injunction prohibited the school from further considering me or any of the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays other female applicants. Upon opening the on high oil prices email of that particular news, my heart sank. Here is what happened. When the board made their decision on co-education in 5 paragraph cause essays, late 2011, they voted ten to essay on high oil prices two. The two trustees who voted against the decision were alumni of the school who believed the importance of remaining in cause and effect essays, the bounds of the trust—which states that Deep Spring's purpose is to speech educate young men. My initial reaction to finding out I couldn't apply to Deep Springs was anger. These trustees nullified the application that I had spent hours crafting because of an archaic sentence which pertained to the education of promising young men . In the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays fall, I had been given the chance to apply to my dream school, and just a few months later, these trustees took that away from me suddenly, and in my opinion, unfairly.

I was hurt. To figure out in detail what had happened, I spoke with both David Neidorf, current president of Deep Springs, and Kinch Hoekstra, University of study abroad essays, California Berkeley professor and one of the dissenting Deep Springs trustees. I was nervous about approaching Hoekstra in particular, but he was exceptionally empathetic and helpful to my understanding of the 5 paragraph and effect case. David Neidorf explained that in 1923, five years after Deep Springs was founded by rainforest deforestation L. Cause. L. Nunn, it became a charitable trust instead of a nonprofit organization as most colleges are. According to this trust, the purpose of a Deep Springs education is to teach generous, highly capable young men to 5 paragraph essay become leaders and live in service to humanity. To Neidorf, the 5 paragraph essays emphasis on an all-male environment is negligible. He thinks that the most important aspects of Deep Springs do not come from the single-sex aspect, but from the mba essays tight bond formed between the students in the unique setting. Because of the fact our students come here and work in a very small, intense community with a lot of mutual responsibility that is an all-male community, they sometimes associate that aspect with their feelings of the school when in fact it is and effect, a multitude of factors that makes Deep Springs such a unique place.

Neidorf said that to honor Nunn's mission to educate future leaders, accepting women would be a step in the right direction. When I asked Hoekstra about this sentiment, he said that a trustee's duty to a trust goes beyond the trustee's personal beliefs: Neither trustees nor courts have the authority to change or ignore a trust provision simply because they think it isn't optimal or preferable (even if the preference is usc part mba essays, based on essays their passionate moral beliefs). It seems clear to rainforest deforestation me that the case of the majority trustees depends entirely on just such a preference. What Hoekstra said made sense. Our conversation helped me move from my initial understanding of his decision—Does he have nothing better to do than crush the hopes and dreams of teenage girls?—to Yes, he does have a logical claim, but it's still upsetting that I'm not able to apply to a program as unique as Deep Springs. Hoekstra continued: The great thing about the legal protection of 5 paragraph and effect essays, charitable trusts over time is that we don't all have a bunch of institutions in 2013 that are wholly determined by what trustees happen to think in 2013. That would lead to an appalling homogenization of our cultural, social, and educational landscape. Instead, people set up different projects in good study essays, 1880, or 1938, or 1972, and those visions, sometimes gloriously out of 5 paragraph cause, step with how we currently think and rainforest sometimes maddeningly so, may continue to 5 paragraph essays thrive. (So long as people are still interested in them and they are not illegal, impossible, or impracticable.)

Despite the complex trust law issues and the ongoing court case, the issue to me is simple. Young women aren't able to apply to a school like Deep Springs, and we should be. Joseph Liburt, Kinch Hoekstra's attorney, told the website Inside Higher Ed that The case is abroad essays, about asking the 5 paragraph and effect essays court 'to uphold the value of diversity in higher education,' so that those male and female students who want single-sex education can find it. This argument troubles me. The fact of the matter is f scott essay, that young women face a lack of 5 paragraph cause essays, diversity in their higher education. Young men do not pine over all-women schools like Bryn Mawr or Scripps because there are reasonably similar co-educational programs. However, there is not a school like Deep Springs that is available to young women. I began my quest disappointed with Deep Springs and essay angry with Hoekstra. Now, I find myself disappointed with the lack of schools for women that are similar to Deep Springs and angry that such gender limitations exist in the world of education in 5 paragraph and effect, 2013.

Because of the sudden change in the Deep Springs admissions policy, the seven spots that would have been given to the admitted women candidates will be given to fitzgerald essay men who would not have been accepted otherwise. The desert has a deep personality; it has a voice. Great leaders in all ages have sought the desert and heard its voice. You can hear it if you listen, but you cannot hear it while in the midst of uproar and strife for 5 paragraph and effect essays, material things. You came to prepare for rainforest, a life of service, with the understanding that superior ability and generous purpose would be expected of you. This quotation is attributed to L. And Effect. L. Nunn, the founder of Deep Springs, and it is the first text you'll find when visiting the school's website. Two years ago when I was knee-deep in my Google search of Deep Springs, these words jumped out at me, enticing me, but never welcoming me. Today, their promise is 5 paragraph essay outline persuasive, just as distant. The Harrowing Personal Stories of cause, Syrian Refugees, in Their Own Words. A documentary film crew travels to Greece to capture the perspectives of new arrivals.

Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. The president told residents to be “very proud” they hadn’t endured a “real catastrophe” like Katrina, doing little to erase the impression that he sees hurricane relief more as a political story than a human one. Making his first appearance in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico since Maria’s landfall, President Trump offered a hearty round of good study essays, congratulations to federal relief efforts and thanked the island’s governor. But the president also suggested Maria was not a “real catastrophe,” made an odd and cause misleading comparison to the death toll from Hurricane Katrina, and joked about how the hurricane would affect the federal budget. It was a typically strange, disjointed appearance by rainforest the president, and it came just days after Trump spent much of the weekend picking fights with the mayor of San Juan and insisting that, against all evidence, the 5 paragraph cause and effect recovery effort had largely responded to Puerto Rico’s needs. At Muniz Air Force Base, Trump was eager to praise the work of federal agencies, including FEMA, the Air Force, the Navy, and rainforest deforestation speech the Coast Guard, amid a chorus of criticism that Washington’s response has been too slow and too small. But that praise led him in strange directions. A small group of programmers wants to change how we code—before catastrophe strikes.

T here were six hours during the night of April 10, 2014, when the entire population of Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for help got a busy signal. One Seattle woman dialed 911 at cause least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into her house. When he finally crawled into speech, her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife. The man fled. The 911 outage, at and effect essays the time the largest ever reported, was traced to software running on f scott essay a server in Englewood, Colorado. Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to 911 dispatchers around the country.

Intrado programmers had set a threshold for how high the cause counter could go. They picked a number in the millions. The Frightening Enigma of the Las Vegas Shooter. The absence of any known ideological or personal motivation behind Sunday night’s massacre makes the rainforest speech terror of an and effect, already random act of violence even deeper. Even before the victims are counted and the blood dried after mass shootings, the public, press, and politicians all begin searching to understand what drove the fitzgerald perpetrators. Essays. This is important as a matter of law enforcement— Did they work alone?

Is there a remaining threat? —and to time mba essays make sense of the senseless. But it also serves an important psychological purpose: If the killer can be fit into a known profile, it provides some minimal comfort to cause and effect an otherwise horrifyingly random crime, some feeling that the key to preventing the next tragedy is just doing a better job of recognizing people like him (it’s almost always a him) and stopping them. It’s one thing to essay on high oil prices tell people, “If you see something, say something,” but if no one sees anything, it won’t help. That’s one reason that Stephen Craig Paddock, the man police have identified as the 5 paragraph essays shooter in the Vegas massacre, which killed at least 59 people, is such a frightening enigma. His motivations are, as yet, entirely opaque. As countless people pointed out Monday, Paddock does not immediately fit the “profile” of a mass shooter. More accurately, he does not fit any of the obvious profiles. Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. On the essay on high certainty of more shootings. Beyond the cause essays scores of people who have been killed and the hundreds who have been wounded in Las Vegas today, thousands of other people, though not visibly or directly injured, have had their lives changed forever.

Children and parents. Usc Part Time Mba Essays. Husbands and wives. And Effect. Brothers and usc part time sisters. Something is cause essays, instantly and permanently gone from their lives. Co-workers and friends. Essay. Members of cause and effect, churches or sports leagues or the PTA. Customers and clients and students. Neighbors and casual acquaintances at mba essays the coffee shop or the bar. The rest of their days will be different and shadowed because of 5 paragraph and effect, this massacre. Usc Part Time. “Children, I want to explain why Coach Franklin won’t be leading our soccer team any more. Something bad happened, and . And Effect. ” A New History of the First Peoples in the Americas.

The miracle of modern genetics has revolutionized the 5 paragraph story anthropologists tell about how humans spread out across the Earth. Europeans arriving in the New World met people all the way from the frozen north to the frozen south. 5 Paragraph Essays. All had rich and mature cultures and established languages. The Skraeling were probably a people we now call Thule, who were the ancestors of the Inuit in essay on high, Greenland and Canada and the In?upiat in 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, Alaska. The Tai?no were a people spread across multiple chiefdoms around the Caribbean and Florida. F Scott Essay. Based on cultural and language similarities, we think that they had probably separated from earlier populations from South American lands, now Guyana and Trinidad. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect. The Spanish brought no women with them in 1492, and raped the Tai?no women, resulting in the first generation of “mestizo”—mixed ancestry people. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in study essays, Science. They distort the nature of the scientific enterprise, rewrite its history, and overlook many of its most important contributors. This morning, physicists Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne, and Barry Barish received the Nobel Prize for Physics, for their discovery of 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, gravitational waves—distortions in the fabric of space and time.

The trio, who led the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) project that recorded these waves, will split the 9-million-Swedish-krona prize between them. Perhaps more importantly, they will carry the status of “Nobel laureate” for the rest of their lives. But what of the other scientists who contributed to the LIGO project, and whose names grace the three-page-long author list in the paper that describes the time mba essays discoveries? “LIGO’s success was owed to cause and effect hundreds of researchers,” astrophysicist Martin Rees told BBC News. Common Habit Thesis. “The fact that the Nobel Prize 2017 committee refuses to make group awards is causing increasingly frequent problems and giving a misleading impression of cause essays, how a lot of common destruction their thesis, science is cause and effect, actually done.” The world’s most powerful information gatekeepers neglected their duties in student study their thesis, Las Vegas. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays. Again. In the crucial early hours after the Las Vegas mass shooting, it happened again: Hoaxes, completely unverified rumors, failed witch hunts, and blatant falsehoods spread across the internet. But they did not do so by themselves: They used the infrastructure that Google and Facebook and YouTube have built to achieve wide distribution. These companies are the most powerful information gatekeepers that the world has ever known, and yet they refuse to take responsibility for common habit study thesis, their active role in cause, damaging the quality of information reaching the public. BuzzFeed ’s Ryan Broderick found that Google’s “top stories” results surfaced 4chan forum posts about a man that right-wing amateur sleuths had incorrectly identified as the usc part Las Vegas shooter. In the 1930s, the Germans were fascinated by 5 paragraph and effect essays the global leader in codified racism—the United States. There was no more extravagant site for Third Reich political theater than the spectacular parade grounds, two large stadiums, and congress hall in Nuremberg, a project masterminded by Albert Speer.

From 1933 to 1938, he choreographed massive rallies associated with the annual conference of the Nazi Party, assemblies made famous by Leni Riefenstahl’s stunning documentaries of good study abroad, 1933 and 1935, The Victory of Faith and Triumph of the 5 paragraph cause essays Will . Nuremberg was the on high setting for the September 1935 “Party Rally of Freedom,” at which a special session of the Reichstag passed, by acclamation, legislation that disqualified Jews as Reich citizens with political rights, forbade them to marry or have sex with persons identified as racial Germans, and prohibited any display by Jews of national colors or the new national flag, a banner with a swastika. 'It Feels Like Someone Has Opened a Window Into Hell' Faced with the horror of Las Vegas, late-night’s comedians showed their despair. “If comedy is tragedy plus time,” Jon Stewart said in 2014, responding to the death of 5 paragraph essays, Eric Garner, “I need more fucking time.” That was three years ago, and Stewart is long gone, but his legacy is the stable of comedians on late-night television who use the news not just to entertain, but to advocate. It’s gotten harder. Increasingly, over the last three years, Stephen Colbert, Trevor Noah, Seth Meyers, James Corden, Conan O’Brien, even Jimmy Fallon, even, yes, Jimmy Kimmel, have been handed an unflinching cavalcade of horrors to turn into humor.

They’ve experimented with sincerity, with sadness, with satire, with moral outrage, with faith, and most recently—in Kimmel’s case—with fury. The tempestuous presidency of Donald Trump has provided them with plenty to laugh at. And plenty to despair. When Working From Home Doesn’t Work. IBM pioneered telecommuting. Now it wants people back in the office. I n 1979, IBM was putting its stamp on the American landscape. Time Mba Essays. For 20 years, it had been hiring the greats of modernism to erect buildings where scientists and salespeople could work shoulder-to-shoulder commanding the burgeoning computer industry. But that year, one of essays, its new facilities—the Santa Teresa Laboratory, in Silicon Valley—tried an experiment.

To ease a logjam at outline persuasive the office mainframe, it installed boxy, green-screened terminals in and effect, the homes of five employees, allowing them to work from home. The idea of telecommuting was still a novelty. But this little solution seemed effective. By 1983, about 2,000 IBMers were working remotely. The corporation eventually realized that it could save millions by selling its signature buildings and institutionalizing distance work; the number of remote workers ballooned. In 2009, an essay persuasive, IBM report boasted that “40 percent of cause, IBM’s some 386,000 employees in 173 countries have no office at all.” More than 58 million square feet of office space had been unloaded, at time a gain of nearly $2 billion. IBM, moreover, wanted to help other corporations reap the same officeless efficiencies through its consulting services. Leading by example was good marketing.

What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch. Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from voters to mba essays your co-workers. Meeting the Son of Your Sister’s Killer.

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resume tag line Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to potential employers is to create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of 5 paragraph essays, yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the newest form of popular media by oil prices, many people. In fact, making your resume available on 5 paragraph and effect essays the World Wide Web is comparable to rainforest deforestation broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by and effect essays, making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and f scott fitzgerald, have opened new doors to audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees.

If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of creating an electronic resume is cost. Many colleges provide space on their web server for cause essays their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and habit, printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the 5 paragraph essays, ability to provide electronic links to study your reference and previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and 5 paragraph cause essays, use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on deforestation the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of 5 paragraph, getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in HTML Format.

CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to have someone proofread and good study abroad essays, review your resume. Many instructors in the English department of cause, a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in 5 paragraph essay outline persuasive, advance to provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an inconvenience to him/her. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect? Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for deforestation a potential employer to see them. Cause And Effect? It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in the correct format. Your resume is on high oil prices, often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it.

By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by using the save as option found under the file utilities of your favorite word processor. If you are unable to locate a save as feature for 5 paragraph cause your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. Essay Outline Persuasive? After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of 5 paragraph, formats. By saving your resume in text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Destruction Habit Study? Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and indentations as part of the file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to delete it before you will be able to cause essays proceed.

Editors allow you to usc part mba essays change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and and effect essays, underscoring into common habit their the file. And Effect Essays? Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and fitzgerald essay, vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the cause, editors on your system. Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with.

By using an good study, unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to learn to use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and 5 paragraph cause and effect, a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to common destruction student their thesis use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to 5 paragraph cause essays locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. An HTML tag usually consists of good essays, a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. 5 Paragraph Essays? ltP and lt/P), the first is used to essay oil prices identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the and effect essays, end of the element.

Some tags may also contain additional information. This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. Fitzgerald Essay? For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to 5 paragraph and effect recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in habit student study their thesis, the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is a simple example of the minimum HTML document.

Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to 5 paragraph essays read, and make it much easier to maintain. Common Habit Study Their? Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to 5 paragraph and effect improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML. HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the oil prices, indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to usc part time mba essays read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here. However, I will briefly describe some of the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, commonly used and most useful tags.

For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at The following table contains many of the most common and most useful HTML tags. You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the study abroad essays, text to format, and 5 paragraph cause and effect, the end tag directly in your HTML document. Essay? You will find it useful to 5 paragraph essays view your document as you make changes.

See step 9 for instructions on how to view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the effects of the f scott, tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. 5 Paragraph Essays? However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is also very time consuming. There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and usc part mba essays, MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual.

An alternative to 5 paragraph creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. One method of locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart. 5 Paragraph Outline? Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of searching is and effect essays, very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images. If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the f scott fitzgerald essay, image for you. Although images can improve the and effect, appearance of essay oil prices, your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in essays, size. 5 Paragraph Essay Outline? Most web developers agree that large images take longer to 5 paragraph load and will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the image directly relates to persuasive your job qualification.

For example it is 5 paragraph cause and effect, acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on 5 paragraph essay outline a second page and 5 paragraph cause essays, creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to display an image called computer.gif that is common destruction, 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Essays? Possible causes of this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the on high, correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an cause and effect, image to 770. See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions).

Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt. F Scott? There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and cause, ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser.

Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu. 5 Paragraph? Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on cause essays the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to essay on high ensure the content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and and effect, make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to good essays ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser.

Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is and effect, constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. Student Their? You can often locate the Webmaster through an email address on cause essays the universities main web page. After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the good study abroad essays, images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies.

After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996.

Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the 5 paragraph, Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to student their bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of cause, explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application. Good Study? His article was well written and was equivalent in content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and 5 paragraph and effect, concise information as well as easy to common thesis understand example code.

I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by 5 paragraph essays, the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to persuasive Product Review. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to the use and development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the abroad, average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt.

The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in 5 paragraph and effect, The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr.

Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. On High Oil Prices? Mr. Rampe also discusses the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. ' and study essays, just ignore the dehumanization of cause and effect essays, it all. In addition, the article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to essay outline persuasive help the cause essays, reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and rainforest deforestation speech, should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Essays? Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr. Rampe provides an ample amount of information and resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an essay on high oil prices, HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume.

Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the manual is currently over a year old, the information it contains is 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, accurate, precise and fitzgerald essay, very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to and effect HTML in essays, general, then lists important terms and definitions. 5 Paragraph Essays? Next the authors validate the document's content by discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the essay oil prices, importance of Sandia requirements for essays specific HTML elements. Next the fitzgerald, authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons.

Finally, the authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to 5 paragraph cause use. Essay Oil Prices? This document is an excellent source of 5 paragraph and effect essays, information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers.

Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.

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air essay De tous les portables qui ont ete annonces ou mis a jour en ce debut d'annee, le MacBook Air 11 est celui qui a recu le moins d'attention de la part Apple . 5 Paragraph And Effect Essays? Pas de trackpad Force Touch, pas de SSD ou de barrette memoire plus rapides, mais une augmentation de prix comme ses camarades. Mba Essays? Au bout du compte, les seules evolutions sont celles amenees par Intel avec ses processeurs. Cause And Effect? En outre, l'arrivee d'un MacBook 12 Retina, plus ultraleger encore, place ce MacBook Air dans une situation que l'on sent precaire. Common Study Thesis? Mais avant de speculer sur son avenir, voyons ce qu'il vaut par rapport a ses predecesseurs. 5 Paragraph And Effect? Quoi de neuf sur le MacBook Air 11 du debut 2015 compare a celui d'il y a un an usc part mba essays ? Physiquement, rien bien sur : on 5 paragraph a toujours un poids plume de 1,08 kg entre les mains (qui sont maintenant battus par les 920 grammes du MacBook 12). Il y a le port mini-jack, deux USB 3 et un Thunderbolt qui, nouveaute, passe en version 2. Thesis? Pas d’ecran Retina et de toute evidence il n'y en aura jamais dans cette famille.

La dalle de 11 conserve sa definition de 1366x768 (lire aussi Les nouveaux MacBook Air gerent bien les ecrans 4K). 5 Paragraph Cause? Le processeur est un Core i5 a 1,6 GHz de cinquieme generation Broadwell au lieu d'un 1,4 GHz Haswell (le Turbo Boost est toujours a 2,7 GHz). Habit Student Study? La puce graphique passe d'une Intel HD Graphics 5000 a une 6000. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect? Pas de changement sur la dotation RAM et SSD, on time mba essays a toujours 4 Go sur les deux machines de base, 128 Go de stockage sur la premiere et 256 Go sur la seconde. Cause Essays? Qu'Apple s'en tienne a proposer 4 Go de RAM sur la premiere machine… a la rigueur, il faut bien etager une gamme. Rainforest Speech? Mais qu'il en aille de meme sur le modele au dessus, vendu tout de meme 1 250 ˆ… ! La critique vaut d'ailleurs pour les MacBook Air 13 qui sont aussi tous livres avec 4 Go. 5 Paragraph? Il faudra — sans surprise — aller vers les MacBook Pro pour trouver 8 Go par defaut. Essay On High? Certes, le 11 n'est pas une station de travail. Chez certains ce sera un petit portable d'appoint a un iMac ou a un Mac Pro.

Pour d'autres, une sorte de machine a ecrire reliee a internet. And Effect Essays? Mais si l'on se place dans le contexte de sa future revente, 4 Go de RAM dans 2 ou 3 ans ce sera assez sec pour allecher l'acheteur. Usc Part Time Mba Essays? Et puisqu'il est impossible d'en ajouter apres coup, mieux vaut prevoir des la commande les 100 ˆ necessaires pour avoir 8 Go. Cause And Effect Essays? La gamme 2015 comprend donc toujours deux machines de base qui n'ont de difference que leur capacite de stockage. Good Abroad Essays? La premiere est vendue 999 ˆ et la seconde 1 249 ˆ, au lieu de 899 ˆ et 1 099 ˆ l'an dernier. Essays? Soit une augmentation de 100 ˆ et 150 ˆ. Common Habit? On a comme options un Core i7 a 2,2 GHz (Turbo Boost a 3,2 GHz) coutant 200 ˆ, 512 Go de SSD reserves au second modele (300 ˆ) et ces 8 Go. Cause And Effect? Nous allons tester prochainement cette declinaison Core i7. La machine que nous avons testee est le second modele, avec 256 Go de SSD. Common Destruction Their Thesis? Les tests applicatifs montrent que les deux generations 2014 et 2015 du 11 se trouvent dans un mouchoir de poche.

La machine va a peine plus vite dans iPhoto et GarageBand (ecarts d'une poignee de secondes), elle est moderement plus veloce dans Final Cut Pro X et elle s’est montree a l'inverse un peu plus lente dans iMovie (de 5%). Essays? Il n'y a qu'avec Aperture que l'ecart est plus franc (9% plus rapide). Deforestation Speech? Etrangement, notre modele de test a systematiquement affiche des resultats meilleurs que le MacBook Air 13, a l'exception toujours d'Aperture. Cause Essays? La puce graphique Intel s'avere 39% plus rapide que la precedente dans le test OpenGL de Cinebench R15. Good Abroad? C'est appreciable mais cela ne fait toujours pas de ce portable une machine de jeu — ce n'est de toute facon pas sa vocation premiere. And Effect Essays? Avec quasiment toutes les options graphiques activees dans Batman: Arkham City Goty, un titre maintenant ancien, on mba essays atteint en moyenne 21 images secondes, seulement. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? Le SSD de 256 Go est de marque SanDisk et comme on rainforest deforestation speech peut s'y attendre, il file moins vite que le 256 Go Samsung trouve dans nos MacBook Air 13 et MacBook Pro Retina 13 2015. Cause And Effect Essays? Ces derniers sont globalement deux fois plus rapides que le SanDisk. Ce n'est pas avec ces 11 que l'on atteindra — ni meme frolera — le giga-octet par seconde comme sur les 13 aujourd'hui. Oil Prices? Le MacBook Air 11 de 2015 Le MacBook Air 11 de 2014. 5 Paragraph? A defaut, on destruction student profite tout de meme de gains substantiels face au SSD SanDisk du MBA 11 de 2014 (c'etait alors un 128 Go). And Effect? La lecture sequentielle de petits fichiers (inferieurs a 1 Mo) donne par exemple 369 Mo/s en moyenne contre 332 Mo/s l'an dernier et 326 Mo/s en ecriture contre 234 Mo/s. Student Study Their? En lecture et ecriture aleatoire c'est 163 Mo/s et 156 Mo/s contre 153 Mo/s et 129 Mo/s.

Est-ce qu'en utilisation essentiellement avec des applications pour internet cette machine est lente ? Bien sur que non. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect Essays? Entre un Core i5 recent et un SSD, on 5 paragraph essay a une base qui demeure bien confortable. Lorsqu'on surfe, tape son mail, tweete, releve ses RSS et meme avec toutes ces applications ouvertes en meme temps elle reste reactive avec ses 4 Go. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect Essays? Ce qui peut expliquer qu'Apple ne se sente pas dans l'obligation de mettre plus de RAM. Destruction Their Thesis? On pourra aussi faire du montage video sauf a trop en demander. Cause? Nous avons travaille un peu avec la sequence 4K utilisee pour nos tests, l'interface d'iMovie ne souffre pas de ralentissements mais la lecture de cette sequence video de quelques minutes manque regulierement de fluidite.

Mais c'est de la 4K… Reste que l'on aurait apprecie qu'Apple fasse l'effort de mettre, au moins sur le second MacBook Air 11, un SSD comme en ont les MBA 13. On High Oil Prices? Qualite de fabrication. 5 Paragraph Essays? Pas de trackpad Force Touch. Seulement 4 Go de memoire vive. Deforestation Speech? Pas d'evolution sur les SSD. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? 14 Commentaires Signaler un abus dans les commentaires. Rainforest Deforestation? tiens j'avais pas vu les 250ˆ pour 128go de plus. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? quand on essay trouve des SSD de 128go a 50/60ˆ, et qui ont des perfs similaires, j'aimerais bien trouver le gars qui peut me justifier le foutage de gueule. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? La parite euro dollars en explique une grande partie . Good Study Essays? j'attendais cette blague. Cause And Effect? oui, on fitzgerald essay a bien integre 200$=250ˆ. Cause Essays? Mais pas le SSD qui coute 60ˆ ou 60$ plus cher a l'achat et vendu 3x plus cher. Habit Thesis? Maintenant que tout est soude, Apple est decomplexee. 5 Paragraph? @larkhon en gros c'est quasiment le meme que l'annee derniere le prix du Ssd ne change rien au prix du MacBook Air.

Par contre la parite euro dollar augmente les prix de 30 pour-cent c'est tout c'est mecanique. Rainforest Deforestation Speech? oui, de nouveau je remets pas en doute la parite dollar-euro, puisque la difference est de 200 dollars aux US (bien que c'est un peu trop facile pour Apple de raisonner en dollars, les machines sont-elles produites aux US? est-ce que tous les composants sont achetes en dollars?). Cause And Effect? C'est juste que 200$ pour 128go de plus, ca n'a sans doute pas bouge depuis plusieurs annees et ce n'est plus justifie aujourd'hui vu ce que coutent 128go en SSD. Time Mba Essays? Test interessant. 5 Paragraph And Effect Essays? Mais ma conclusion globale est autre: ce MBA 11' est selon moi la machine la plus interessante de la gamme. Essay Oil Prices? Bonne connectivite, suffisamment rapide, un bel ecran, pas chere (encore que. 5 Paragraph And Effect? ), et une portabilite extraordinaire, bien meilleure que le 13': le frelons est tres different. Usc Part Time Mba Essays? Je ne vois pas ce que le nouveau MacBook apporte de plus: 90 grammes en moins (on s'en fout!), 4 ports en moins, un ecran Retina pas vraiment indispensable sur une machine itinerante.. And Effect? Et un mystere: mon MBA 11' 2014 de base, est infiniment plus rapide que mon iMac Retina full equip, avec ma base Lightroom de 75 000 photos. Essay On High Oil Prices? Allez comprendre!

C'est le SSD qui fait la difference sans doute ;) Mon iMac Retina a le gros processeur, la grosse carte video, et un fusion drive 3to. Je ne comprends pas. Cause And Effect Essays? Pour ton iMac retina, fait comme moi, reinstalle completement, depuis la partition de restauration, ca a tout change (plus de saccades, notamment sur Mission Control. Deforestation? ). 5 Paragraph And Effect? Et meme avec LightRoom 5 et de gros catalogues, ca marche pas mal depuis! Pour le MacBook Air 11, pour moi c'est bien le petit-enfant du powerBook G4 12: tout petit, je dirais meme presque insignifiant, mais capable de grandes choses, il s'oublie ,mais maintenant avec le support de moniteur 4K, l'USB 3 (deja present) et le Thunderbolt 2, l'acces a la CPU a 2.2/3.2Ghz avec 8Go de RAM et 512Go de SSD, sa taille ne devrait pas le complexer ;) Je n'ai jamais vraiment compris cette manie de decrire cet ordinateur - et meme le nouveau Macbook maintenant - comme un ordinateur d'appoint ou une machine a ecrire, comme si on destruction their ne peut pas utiliser cet ordinateur comme appareil principal. Cause Essays? Ca reste un Mac, et toujours plus puissant que n'importe quel autre Mac d'il y a 4 ans. Common Destruction Habit Student Their? Son ecran est petit mais pas ridicule, au point meme de trouver le 13 pouces grand lorsque l'on s'y habitue.

J'ai utilise ce Macbook Air comme machine principale pendant longtemps, et je ne faisait pas que de la simple bureautique avec, loin de la, il m'est arrive assez regulierement d'utiliser Final Cut Pro avec. 5 Paragraph Cause Essays? Et relie a un ecran externe, il a tout d'une machine principale. Tout a fait d'accord avec vous, mon premier MBA a ete ma seule machine pendant des annees, avant que je me ruine pour iMac retina. Rainforest Deforestation? Plus lent que mon MBA. And Effect? Je l'ai toujours trouve moche ce MBA avec ses enormes bordures, quand on mba essays voit ce qu'a fait Dell avec le XPS 13 avec quasiment le meme chassis. Cause And Effect? Ou Apple avec ses 15 de 2007. Essay? :D.

Certes, le 11 n'est pas une station de travail. machine a ecrire Rassurez moi, on 5 paragraph peut jouer a Tetris, ou ca rame trop ?

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Free Environmental Studies essays. Pollution is defined as “to make something impure”—in this case, the fresh water in 5 paragraph, lakes. The pollution of water restricts its use for some human need or a natural function in the ecosystem. Pollution affects the water quality in freshwater lakes and other resources worldwide. It can take many forms, from industrial sources, agricultural and municipal; some common examples are pesticides, herbicides, wastewater and waste. Lakes often contain high levels of pollutants in good abroad, relation to the landscape and environment. Rivers and streams draining the landscape of contaminants are concentrated in lakes and 5 paragraph cause, other water bodies. Aquatic organisms such as fish can be extremely high pollution, as some pollutants are not easy to resolve and diluting in water, and instead consist in organisms. Certain species of aquatic organisms are particularly sensitive to pollution; they are used as indicators of pollution and called bio-indicators.

Lakes drain a large natural landscape, reflecting the process and common destruction study their, procedures to use. If chemicals are spilled, they are near streams flow downhill and can be carried into lakes. Physical water pollutants include particulate materials such as soil erosion landscape or washing paved areas by running water, the. Once in a river or lake, some particles settle out of the water and bottom sediments. Chemical contaminants adsorbed (attached) to and effect essays, the particles are also in study abroad essays, the sediment where they are buried or carried out by 5 paragraph cause the floods to other places to be installed permanently.

Other physical contaminants discharged heat can be a source or output industrial hot surfaces in hot weather. Elimination of shade trees along the shore of a lake or river can also allow sunlight in essay outline persuasive, the waters above the normal temperature range for heating. Fresh natural waters contain chemicals that flows dissolved in the soil and rocks. Major inorganic elements comprise calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, carbon, chlorine and cause and effect essays, sulfur, and plant nutrients such as nitrogen, silicon and good study, phosphorus. Derivatives of biological materials in decomposing organic compounds may also be present. In addition, the soft water contains almost all synthetic compounds, such as pesticides and other industrial and consumer products. Chemicals from human activities that can increase the concentration of specific compounds over natural levels cause pollution problems. 5 Paragraph! Too many plant nutrients in excessive plant growth leading, while synthetic organic compounds can physiological changes in aquatic organisms, or can be fatal at high concentrations is.

The pollutants can be absorbed by plants and animals by rainforest deforestation speech contacting the contaminated water or directly from sediment. Plants and organisms contaminate these sources of contamination of the food chain spread as predators eat. Although not generally considered contaminants, bacteria and plants living organisms, the proportions are increasingly harassment. The accidental release of cyanide from a recovery of precious metals in Romania polluted the Tisza in 2000, aquatic and terrestrial animals, as this horse has poisoned drinking water three weeks after the spill killed. Pollution not only downstream traveled through Romania, Hungary and 5 paragraph essays, Yugoslavia, but also joined the Danube and ultimately to the Black Sea. The release of about 100 tons of cyanide caused what. Biological contamination may affect the use of fresh water. These problems often occur when plants die and f scott fitzgerald essay, decompose, when bacterial decomposition consumes oxygen needed by aerobic aquatic organisms.

Excessive algae or other plant material provides more decomposition and thereby decompose more oxygen reduction material. In addition, non-native plants and animals that are introduced as a result of 5 paragraph cause and effect, human activities alter the basic ecology of a lake or river that often great harm. Pollution is generally categorized by how it enters a lake – either point source or non-point source pollution. a) Point source pollution: Point source pollution is from usc part time mba essays pollutants that enter a body of water, which can be attributed to a source, place and specific authors. The point source pollution is easier to manage compared to cause and effect, non-point sources. b) Non-point sources: Non-point source pollution is from Pollutants that enter a body of water which cannot be attributed to a specific source, place and authors. Rather, this pollution comes from rainforest many diffuse sources and often occurs in small amounts, but can focus on freshwater lakes and other resources. Examples of point sources discharging are industrial waste, sewage from wastewater treatment plants, dumping deposit and other dangerous illegal chemical (nuclear waste). Heat can also be a contaminant.

For example, the central water often one of the components of the cool overheating. Once inserted, hot water is released into nearby lakes, where the temperature changes from the lake. This heat is a form of pollution, because it can be harmful and kill aquatic organisms including fish Species sensitive to temperature change. Another example of widespread environmental contamination is the legal discharge of waste water and other chemicals. Cause And Effect Essays! For example, Detroit, Michigan reports available more than 700 million gallons of f scott fitzgerald, wastewater per day and 150 million pounds of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), toxic each year in the Detroit River, which serves as a link between Lake Huron and Lake Erie2. Since the origin of the point source pollution is often it is 5 paragraph essays, much easier to handle than non-point pollution sources. If the pollution originates in remote locations from water point, or is there a large number of small diffuse sources, it is called non-point sources. No identifiable source such contamination is often difficult to f scott fitzgerald, manage; it is difficult to estimate how much pollution is actually happening and what impact. Diffuse sources include agricultural runoff (pesticides, fertilizers), acid rain deposition and nitrate leaching from septic tanks.

Diffuse sources represent most of the impurities in the water systems. 3.4 Impacts of lake pollution. Whatever the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays source of the contamination can affect aquatic life in 5 paragraph outline persuasive, many ways. In general, the pollution reduces the quality of water. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect Essays! It can also be the variety of wildlife; particularly sensitive species. Pollution of the lake has been documented as contributing to a variety of health problems and diseases in humans. Fitzgerald! It has also been shown to have significant negative impacts on wildlife and the environment as a whole. There are a few different effects of lake pollution, which are essential for humans. The effects of pollution of the lake are not always immediate. They are not always seen on the contaminated site. They are sometimes never known by the person responsible for the pollution.

A pollution of the lake, however, has a great impact on the lives of everyone. With the knowledge, testing and preparation, water pollution can be reduced. It does not take much effort – just a little thought. Lake pollution can pose health dangers to humans who come into contact with it, either directly or indirectly. The risk of cause essays, your health being negatively impacted by polluted drinking water in f scott fitzgerald, a developed country is small in comparison with developing countries. However, it is possible to 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, become ill from contaminated water. For example, if you are walking, you can get giardiasis, which can cause severe nausea and essay oil prices, vomiting as the presentation of acute symptoms to develop. This infection is caused by 5 paragraph essays water that has been polluted by untreated animal waste in the drinking waterways. In anthropogenic environments such as cities and villages, potential toxins are much more numerous. Another high risk of lake pollution is Mercury contamination.

Mercury has been found to interfere with the development of the central nervous system in common habit student study their thesis, fetuses and young children, which could potentially lead to a large amount of long-term side effects. 3.6 Impact of lake pollution on ecosystem. Lake pollution also causes negative effects within the 5 paragraph cause and effect environment to animals and their habitats. The entry of pollutants in essay oil prices, lakes has a wide range of effects. It is possible for pollutants, to change the water temperature enough to fish force in search of 5 paragraph and effect essays, colder waters. This can even create an ecological dead zone. The pollution of lakes can also significantly increase the rate of time, algal blooms. 5 Paragraph! These flowers create massive destruction of fish as oxygen is depleted in water and suffocate fish.

Fish can be killed, even if excessive algae get caught in their gills. 3.7 Definition of lake maintenance. There are numerous reasons to pay close attention to the lake maintenance, including: a) Preventing fish kill; b) Reducing sediment buildup. c) Reducing aquatic weed growth. d) Reducing need for synthetic algaecides. e) Improving irrigation water quality. f) Reducing harmful gases like CO2 and Methane. g) Reducing mosquitoes. h) Increasing the Ozone content of the water. i) Reduce Bacteria and odor.

To maintain a high water quality the lake requires a maintenance plan. Apart from preventing nutrient inflows to the lake from the catchment or surrounding farm land and road runoff, a key element of that plan should be creating plans that will help the rainforest deforestation lake to maintain clean. 3.8 Contribution of lake maintenance to the future of aquatic system. Fresh water is essential to human life and economic wellbeing, and societies draw strongly on rivers, lakes, wetlands, and underground aquifers to supply water for 5 paragraph drinking, irrigating crops, and running industrial processes. The benefits of these extractive uses of fresh water have traditionally overshadowed the equally important benefits of water that remains in stream to essay persuasive, sustain healthy aquatic ecosystems. There is growing recognition that functionally intact and biologically complex freshwater ecosystems provide many economically valuable commodities and services to society. Lakes provide people with many services: aesthetic enjoyment, recreation, fish, and transportation, water for irrigation, drinking and dilution of pollutants.

Lake degradation results from excessive nutrient inputs, toxic substances, habitat loss, overfishing, species invasions and cause essays, extirpations. 5 Paragraph Persuasive! The goal of management is to balance the uses of lakes with conservation measures to sustain ecosystem services over time (Carpenter #038; Lathrop 1999). A degraded lake can have its water quality improved through implementing appropriate management strategies. This process is variously known as lake restoration, remediation or rehabilitation. 4.1 Lake restoration. It is important to recognize that the restoration program will take time and will not return the lake to a once untouched condition that it may have had earlier in its life, but it could improve the water quality to meet a specified water quality goal. The ability to achieve that goal for a specific degraded lake will be determined by the nutrient budget (internal versus external loads), how well the in-lake processes are known, the degree of restoration required to achieve the goal and the funding available to implement the management strategies required to achieve that degree of restoration.

Other than cost, there are few limits on the size, shape or depth of lake that can be restored. While there is an implicit expectation that restoration will return the lake to its original condition, the reality is 5 paragraph cause essays, that some processes on the way to degradation are irreversible (Carpenter #038; Lathrop, 1999). Consequently, the expectation of restoration needs to be tempered with the knowledge that the lake may never reach its original state and that the objective of a restoration project will be to rehabilitate the lake to improve the usc part time water quality and lake conditions to an achievable level. This rehabilitation level then becomes a management goal. The goals need to be realistic and both socially and culturally acceptable. Restoring a degraded lake to a new desirable condition is an adaptive management process which must include a monitoring program to 5 paragraph cause essays, assess the success of management strategies employed to reach that goal, and the flexibility to adapt the deforestation speech management strategies based on those monitoring results. Figure 4.1.a. shows the cause and effect essays maintenance flow diagram for the rehabilitation of a lake. The issues, goals and measures of time mba essays, success can be filled in and additional sections listing the cause tools to be used can be added. The role of the environmental consultant at 5 paragraph essay persuasive key points indicated by red arrows is optional depending on the competence of the 5 paragraph cause and effect lake manager and 5 paragraph persuasive, the size of the 5 paragraph cause essays lake. A certified engineering consultant is mandatory for any structural changes to a dam.

4.2 Practical maintenance goals in oil prices, Lake Restoration. Practical maintenance goals for that lake would include: a. To reduce or eliminate the occurrence of nuisance cyanobacteria blooms. b. To improve the water quality of the lake from cause essays hypertrophic to super trophic or eutrophic. c. To reduce the rainforest speech abundance of aquatic macrophysics in the lake to and effect essays, enable unimpeded use of the on high oil prices lake for contact recreation, and. d. To maintain or enhance the fishery in the lake and its tributaries. These goals are essential to essays, restoring of the lake. They are closely linked that changes made to destruction habit student study their, achieve one goal will interact with and affect the other goals. The following is a range of maintenance tools that have been used for and effect essays the restoration of degraded lake. The most recent tool ‘Computer modelling’ uses environmental, climate and water quality / biogeochemical monitoring data from the lake to build a simulation of the lake to estimate the likely benefits to good abroad essays, the lake of applying one or more of the maintenance tools. These tools are including: The weight of evidence indicates that the key to restoring the and effect water quality of lake and its fishery is the management of the lake weed.

There are four approaches to this issue: (1) Mechanical weeds harvesting; (3) Bio manipulation and. (4) Changing water levels. Before undertaking any strategy to control lake weeds, there needs to be a clear understanding of the goal and the consequences of persuasive, each action. The weight of evidence of the importance of lake weeds includes the fact that the tall weeds remove all the NO3-N from the lake water during spring when there are high inflows of NO3-N enriched stream water. This evidence also suggests that under low flows the and effect weeds become N-limited and, being unable to sustain the amount of 5 paragraph outline persuasive, biomass with the nutrients available, they senesce releasing the nutrients in the plants back into the water. Waste water treatment uses holding ponds and wetlands for reducing the nutrient load before the water is released into an open waterway. The main disadvantages of the technique are that,

1) To be efficient they cover a large area to give sufficient contact time for nutrient and sediment stripping, 2) They are less efficient at removing P than N, and. 3) They may not cope with flood flows and the stream short circuits directly to 5 paragraph essays, the lake with no renovation. Floating treatment wetlands (FTW) are a new restoration concept where emergent wetland plants are grown in buoyant rafts which are moored in a lake or stream. These rafts are constructed from usc part time mba essays recycled plastic (PET drink bottles) in cause, various sized sections that could be 2 m by 3 m for ease of handling and joined together later. The plants are grown in recesses in the raft and their roots extend down into the water where they assimilate the N and P. The FTWs are aesthetically pleasing and blend in with the natural lake shore environment (Figure 4.2.a) and provide additional habitat for birds and koura. Onshore management to reduce nutrient inputs to the lake should look at the sources of those nutrients. However, because the lag time between the contamination of the abroad essays groundwater and that contaminated groundwater reaching the lake, nutrient stripping of the groundwater at the lake edge is also essential. This is 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, best achieved using marginal wetland buffer zones (Figure 4.2.b). The surface or unconfined groundwater aquifer is the most vulnerable to contamination in the catchment as it receives the infiltrating rainwater percolating down through the soil. It is this surface groundwater layer that enters the lake at the lake edge.

• This option may be more expensive and usc part time mba essays, less culturally sensitive than entraining the drain flow through a shore line holding zone behind a wall of and effect essays, floating treatment wetlands. Another alternative is to f scott, divert the storm water into a “spill drain” behind the riparian buffer zone. Both of these options dissipate the 5 paragraph energy of the storm water inflow so that it does not move out into the body of the common destruction study their lake. Dispersing the flow behind the riparian buffer zone will cause all the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays sediment to remain on time mba essays shore and the nutrients in the storm water to be assimilated by the buffer zone plants. A stream diversion channel is a temporary practice to convey stream flow in an environmentally safe manner around or through a construction site while a permanent structure or conveyance is being installed in the stream channel. • Flushing – external source water. A simple expedient in cause and effect essays, small lakes overseas is to divert a proportion of a clean stream or river through the lake to essay on high oil prices, reduce the residence time and thus flush the N and P in solution and in particulates, such as algae, down the 5 paragraph and effect essays outlet stream. An in-depth analysis of the speech water quality of the 5 paragraph essays source water would be needed if this option was a serious consideration. • Enhanced flushing using fluctuating water levels. This technique requires manipulation of the weir on the lake to increase and decrease the lake water level at different times of the year to essay outline persuasive, take advantage of specific parts of the 5 paragraph and effect essays lake cycle. Seasonal changes in water level are potentially good for fisheries with the most productive fisheries having low water levels in summer (J.

Boubee, NIWA, pers. comm.). Assuming that a suitable storage or dumping area could be found outside of the lake catchment, dredging would remove the sediment that contains the P, N and carbon (C), that has accumulated in the lake over the past few decades. It would also remove the essay seed bank for 5 paragraph cause and effect essays lake weeds. The advantages of this option are that the nutrient legacy would be permanently removed and the lake would return to near its original depth. Common Habit Student Study Thesis! The disadvantages of this option are the cost to remove the estimated 3 km3 of sediment, the destruction of the cause and effect existing ecosystem, and the release of deforestation speech, nutrients and other toxic chemicals such as Sulphides during the process of dredging. The release of Sulphide into the lake water would eliminate most aquatic life in the lake. The removal of and effect, lake weeds seed banks in good study essays, the sediment would not be selective and desirable species for restoring the lake habitat would be removed along with the undesirable species. Aeration replaces the oxygen consumed by 5 paragraph decomposition processes and prevents the development of anoxic conditions which allow P release from the sediments. This technique is often used in essay on high oil prices, water supply reservoirs to prevent the anoxic release of P, which favors cyanobacteria growth, and the release of minerals such as iron and manganese, which would stain baths, toilets and cause and effect, hand basins in homes and essay on high oil prices, would cause black marks on washing as the water re-oxygenates and 5 paragraph, these metals precipitate. The advantages of the technique is that it is relatively cheap, requiring an air compressor, connection hoses and an aeration bar with anchor blocks, and only needs to rainforest deforestation, run in essays, summer when low oxygen concentrations develop.

In shallow lakes, giant discs pulled through the lake sediments open up the good study abroad essays sediment allowing deep penetration of 5 paragraph, oxygen from the water column. The concept behind this tool is that the P will be bound to the iron and abroad, manganese oxides in the sediment. This process can work where the bed of the lake has been smothered with organic matter such as the 5 paragraph and effect collapse of a weed bed. Modelling of this option (White #038; Gibbs 1991) indicates that the beneficial effect for P binding is short lived because as soon as the sediments go anoxic once more, the P is on high, released. Cause Essays! The technique does introduce oxygen into usc part time mba essays the otherwise anoxic sediments. This can enhance nitrification and denitrification effectively reducing the N load in the lake. More importantly it supplies oxygen to the decomposition processes so that organic carbon content and thus the sediment oxygen demand are slowly reduced. High sediment oxygen demand is the main cause of bottom water anoxia which drives P release. However, to achieve a significant reduction in sediment oxygen demand, the dicing would need to be repeated frequently. There are three major disadvantage of cause, dicing through weed beds: 1) The organic matter could be driven into common study their thesis the sediment raising the organic carbon content,

2) Every leaf node of most aquatic macrophysics can grow so the dicing would most likely spread the and effect weed more widely, and. 3) The dicing would devastate the benthic mussel beds destroying that part of the fishery. In some overseas restoration studies, concentrated nitrate is injected into the sediment with equipment similar to the giant discs to provide an oxygen source for mba essays decomposition processes in summer (Hemond #038; Lin, 2010). The advantages of this technique are that the 5 paragraph and effect essays release of P is reduced and study, thus the dominant algal species are not cyanobacteria. Cause! The release of arsenic (As) is also suppressed. Good Abroad! The disadvantages are that the increase in NO3-N concentration drives high rates of primary production and 5 paragraph essays, results in high algal biomass in the lake i.e., the lake goes very green.

This particular piece of research draws attention to rainforest speech, the problems of getting the N and P out of cause essays, balance i.e., heavy metals such as As and lead (Pb) can be released from the sediments. • When a cyanobacterial bloom has developed, it is too late to use many of the restoration techniques and it is good abroad, more appropriate to treat the 5 paragraph and effect essays bloom directly to get immediate results. To that end, much research has focused on the use of clay to deforestation speech, floc the bloom so that it settles out 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, of the water column (Sengco #038; Anderson, 2004; Beaulieu et al. 2005; Padilla et al. 2006; Zouet al.

2006; Biyu et al. Essay On High! 2010; Chen #038; Pan, 2012; Pan et al. 2012). While the technique works in the short-term, it does not solve the cause and effect essays underlying eutrophication problem and may smother benthic organisms in the sediment. The phosphorus released from the lake sediments is in the form of phosphate which is readily usable by plants, especially algae, for mba essays growth. Cause Essays! While all plants use N and P in the ratio of 16 N to 1 P (Redfield 1958), the symbiotic bacteria inside blue-green algae, hence the destruction habit name ‘cyanobacteria’, can convert N2 gas in the atmosphere to NO3-N which the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays algal host can use for growth. Fitzgerald Essay! This gives cyanobacteria a competitive advantage over all other algal species when there is a surplus of P and a deficit of nutrient N in cause essays, the lake water, and they dominate the algal species assemblage. Consequently, an excess of P in the water column is said to favor the growth of cyanobacteria and the formation of nuisance blooms.

Phosphorus inactivation is used to make that P unavailable for algal growth by binding it to a metal. The result is the reduction in magnitude or elimination of the cyanobacteria blooms (Cooke et al. 2005). There have been many documented applications world-wide and the general conclusion is that this method for treating lakes with high internal P loads can substantially reduce the internal P load. • Phosphorus inactivation with sediment capping. The alternative to alum is to use a granular P inactivation agent.

These products are designed to inactivate P either in study abroad essays, the water column or at the sediment surface before settling on the lake bed as a thin (1–2 mm thick) layer. Essays! This is the essay on high layer referred to as the sediment cap. While a combination of these tools can address the internal problems in the lake, there is cause essays, also an overriding requirement to address the fitzgerald essay sources of nutrients from the catchment. The Great Lakes form the largest surface freshwater system on Earth. Essays! More than 30 million people live in the Great Lakes basin, and the impact of rainforest deforestation speech, their daily activities, from the water consumed to the waste returned, directly affects the essays Great Lakes environment.

EPA leads U.S. efforts to restore and maintain the quality and f scott fitzgerald essay, ecosystems of the Great Lakes watershed. The Great Lakes (also called the Laurentian Great Lakes or the Great Lakes of North America) are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located in northeastern North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River. Consisting of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron (or Michigan–Huron), Erie, and Ontario, they form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth, containing 21% of the cause and effect world’s surface fresh water by volume. The total surface is 94,250 square miles (244,106 km2), and the total volume (measured at the low water datum) is 5,439 cubic miles (22,671 km3). Due to their sea-like characteristics (rolling waves, sustained winds, strong currents, great depths, and distant horizons) the five Great Lakes have also long been referred to as inland seas. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world by common habit their area, and Lake Michigan is the largest lake that is entirely within one country. The southern half of the Great Lakes is surrounded by the Great Lakes Megalopolis. The Great Lakes began to form at the end of the last glacial period around 14,000 years ago, as retreating ice sheets carved basins into the land and they became filled with meltwater. The lakes have been a major highway for transportation, migration and 5 paragraph cause and effect essays, trade, and they are home to a large number of aquatic species. Many invasive species have been introduced due to trade, and some threaten the region’s biodiversity. Contaminated sediments are a significant problem in essay, the Great Lakes basin.

Although significant progress over the past 20 years has substantially reduced the discharge of toxic and persistent chemicals to the Great Lakes, persistent high concentrations of and effect essays, contaminants in 5 paragraph essay outline, the bottom sediments of rivers and harbors have raised considerable concern about and effect, potential risks to aquatic organisms, wildlife, and humans. As a result, advisories against fish consumption are in place in most locations around the Great Lakes. These contaminated sediments have been created by decades of industrial and municipal discharges, combined sewer overflows, and urban and agricultural non-point source non-point source Diffuse pollution sources (i.e., without a single point of origin or not introduced into a receiving stream from a specific outlet). The pollutants are generally carried off the land by storm water. Common nonpoint sources are agriculture, forestry, urban, mining, construction, dams, channels, land disposal, saltwater intrusion, and city streets, Runoff Water that flows off land into lakes and streams. Buried contaminants posing serious human and ecological health concerns can be dredged up by storms, ship propellers, and bottom-dwelling organisms. Many of these small bottom-dwellers absorb toxins as they feed in the mud. 5 Paragraph Outline! As larger animals eat these smaller animals, the toxins move up the food chain, with their concentrations getting higher, often thousands of times higher. Fish at the top of the food chain, such as lake trout and salmon, can be unsafe to eat in some areas because of the heavy concentrations of toxic substances in their tissues. Fish-eating birds, including the bald eagle, may suffer low reproductive rates or produce offspring with birth defects. While the problem of contaminated sediments persists in the Great Lakes, efforts are being made in the pursuit of remediating these contaminated sediments.

In the years 1997 through 2007, 5.5 million cubic yards of contaminated sediments have been remediated in and effect, the U.S. Great Lakes Basin. Another primary reason for water pollution in speech, the Great Lake is due to the use of pesticides in agricultural areas. A large percentage of all of pollution in the United States comes from nonpoint source pollution. The source of 5 paragraph and effect essays, pesticides in the Great Lakes is called nonpoint sources (NPS) pollution. Can refers to rainforest, either water or air pollution. NPS source water pollution is more common in essays, the Great Lakes. The pollution from the pesticides is caused due to the agricultural areas around the Great Lakes. The NSP pollution is transported into the Great Lakes when water from rainfall, snowmelt or irrigation runs through the ground into the soil that was exposed to pesticides. The water from the runoffs takes the abroad essays excess pollutants (pesticides such as: fertilizers; herbicides; insecticides; etc.) lead the pollutants directly into the Great Lakes.

The pollutants are very concern to essays, the drinking water supplies, recreation, fisheries, and wildlife. “Many toxic substances tend to bio accumulate as they pass up the food chain in the aquatic ecosystem” ( Another problem faced in Great Lakes is the invasive species. An invasive species is a plant or animal that is foreign to an ecosystem. Essay On High! During the past two centuries, invasive species have significantly changed the Great Lakes ecosystem. These changes have greatly affected the economy, health, and wellbeing of the people that rely on the system for food, water, and recreation. Once established, it is extremely difficult to control their spread.

At least 25 invasive species of fish have entered the Great Lakes since the 1800s, including: ? Alewife, A small silver-colored fish that is 5 paragraph cause essays, not native to Lake Erie. ? Spiny water flea. The Great Lakes have also been troubled by fast-growing invasive plants, which displace the native plants that support wildlife habitat and prevent erosion. These include: ? Reed canary grass. o Ballast Water Regulation. Ballast water is taken onto or discharged from a ship as it loads or unloads its cargo, to accommodate the ship’s weight changes. Thirty percent of outline persuasive, invasive species in the Great Lakes have been introduced through ship ballast water. In the early 1990s, the U.S.

Coast Guard began requiring ships to exchange their ballast water, or seal their ballast tanks for the duration of their stay. And Effect Essays! The Coast Guard later used their success in the Great Lakes to develop a ballast management program for the entire nation. The Coast Guard is in the process of developing ballast water discharge standards. o Preventing Potential Invaders. Based on the problems caused by invasive species, scientists are also closely watching other species that have invaded nearby ecosystems. Asian carp are of particular concern because they have been found in nearby waterways that eventually connect to the Great Lakes. In 2004, EPA and other state and local agencies began construction of a permanent electric barrier to prevent the fish from entering Lake Michigan. EPA is also studying how existing invasive species have become established in 5 paragraph outline, the Great Lakes. These studies will help develop new techniques to predict future invasions.

Clean water is fundamental to essays, the health of the essay Great Lakes. Essays! To ensure water quality and availability, research conducted on the Great Lakes provides indicators that help to develop sustainable solutions to the Great Lakes water resource problems. The Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO) coordinates U.S. Fitzgerald Essay! efforts with Canada under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem, which includes Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. 5 Paragraph Cause And Effect Essays! GLNPO brings together federal, state, tribal, local, and industry partners under the essay on high strategic framework of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) to accomplish the 5 paragraph objectives of fitzgerald, GLRI action plan which in 5 paragraph cause and effect, turn fulfills the aims of the GLWQA. The agenda of these organizations is to: ? Remediate contaminated sediments under the Great Lakes Legacy Act; ? Prevent pollution and work to reduce persistent toxic chemicals, as well as to identify emerging contaminants; ? Identify, protect, and restore important habitats; ? Monitor and report on environmental status and trends; ? Provide assistance for community-based Remedial Action Plans for Areas of Concern and for Lake wide Management Plans; ? Use our funding to assist Great Lakes partners through grants, interagency agreements, and contracts, and.

? Coordinate and communicate with a wide variety of partners to achieve environmental progress. Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative is the largest investment in the Great Lakes in two decades. A task force of 11 federal agencies developed an habit study thesis action plan to implement the initiative. This action plan covers fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and addresses five urgent issues: 1. Cleaning up toxics and areas of concern; 2. Combating invasive species; 3. Promoting nearshore health by protecting watersheds from polluted run-off; 4. Restoring wetlands and other habitats; and. 5. Tracking progress and 5 paragraph cause and effect, working with strategic partners.

The project was developed to on high, assist in demonstrating community based approach to improve quality of rivers in Malaysia. This is the first river restoration program in 5 paragraph cause, Malaysia that focuses on time involvement from communities as a component in integrated river basin management plan. The Kelana Jaya Lakes are ex-mining ponds in 5 paragraph cause essays, the Sungai-Damansara River Basin in Selangor managed by the Petaling Jaya City Council (MBPJ).They were initially managed solely as flood retention areas until they were developed as a public park in 1996.The lakes (4 in total) are still functioning as a flood retention basin but form an important feature of the essay on high oil prices Kelana Jaya Municipal Park. Cause! The lakes are also a popular spot for anglers. The lakes ecosystem has been altered due to loss of natural wetland plants in and surrounding the lakes. They have been replaced with rock, concrete or landscaping plants during the essay on high Park development and the catchment areas around the lakes have been developed for housing and cause essays, commercial centers. In 1998, the usc part mba essays Lebuhraya Damansara Puchong was build adjacent to 5 paragraph cause and effect, the park. As a result of these changes, the water quality of the on high lakes declined.

The lakes receive polluted water from and effect essays drains connected to the lake system. This has led to major loss of 5 paragraph persuasive, local fish species which are sensitive to 5 paragraph, pollution. The fishes are now being replaced by alien species which are more tolerant to usc part time mba essays, pollution. Other pollutant sources in 5 paragraph essays, the lakes includes rubbish, organic waste and untreated sewage effluent leaking from essays sewage treatment tanks from housing as well as commercial areas. The project has met encouraging local citizen support. Petaling Jaya City Council alongside the cause and effect local citizen is aiming to achieve these goals in student their, the Kelana Jaya Lake Restoration project: ? To reduce the 5 paragraph cause and effect essays level of pollution flowing into the lakes. ? To increase community awareness. ? Rehabilitating biodiversity of the common habit study their thesis lake. ? To stop the cause and effect pollution source from entering the lake system by Informing the community about the importance of re-establishing a more natural ecosystem which can provide better habitats for wildlife.

To achieve these goals they have begun phase one of the f scott fitzgerald essay restoration in 2002 and phase two of 5 paragraph essays, restoration in 2008. The restoration activities in phase two consist of: 1. Aquatic Vegetation restoration. 2. Non-native animal species control. 3. Decaying vegetation removal. 4. Study Essays! Litter control and floating vegetation management. Tangible impact of these activities result in essays, solid waste and wastewater from storm drains were reduced by 60 percent and the quality of usc part mba essays, discharge from and effect oxidation pond improved after refurbishment work was carried out. Water quality in the lake improved, with consequent benefits for fishing and Lake Ecosystem, and health benefits were observed in the lakeside communities.

One of the biggest ways that lake pollution can be prevented and stopped is through public education. This includes more than just cleanup days where rubbish is good abroad, removed from rivers, although such events are very successful and 5 paragraph and effect, necessary. Prevention is the most powerful tool in the resource against lake pollution. Learning about harmful chemicals and how to properly dispose of them is vital to ensuring fresh lake remains usable. In order to manage pollution effectively, several questions must be answered: a) What is the source of the common destruction habit student pollution? b) How much pollution is occurring? c) What is the projected lifetime of the cause and effect essays pollution? d) What are the expected effects of the pollution? Point source pollution can be easier to manage than non-point source pollution because the source, volume, and impact of pollution can be easily identified. Usc Part! Further, point source pollution impacts are often focused in one location, making remediation easier.

The level of impact from a pollutant is dependent on several properties of the particular pollutant. First, its level of toxicity is an important consideration; some pollutants such as PCBs are highly toxic, meaning only a small amount is enough to harm humans and other organisms. On the 5 paragraph cause other hand, some pollutants are toxic only in fitzgerald essay, high concentrations, such as the pesticide Atrazine. The amount of a particular pollutant in the environment is also an important factor regulating its effects. For example, if a particular chemical is 5 paragraph, only mildly toxic to fish, yet is found in the environment in high amounts because of a widespread application, it can be very harmful. Finally, the lifetime of a pollutant – the good study abroad length of 5 paragraph cause, time it is expected to essay, stay in the environment – is another vital factor. Some chemicals break down or are diluted in water quickly, while others are highly persistent and resistant to breakdown. Examples of 5 paragraph and effect essays, long-lived pollutants include chemicals DDT, PCBs, and mercury; these chemicals are highly resistant to degradation and abroad, can remain for decades after their release has stopped.

For example, studies from the Great Lakes in the U.S. and other important lakes show that while the release of these toxic pollutants had decreased their levels in fish and other aquatic organisms have actually increased because they stay in the environment and and effect, accumulate in fish over long periods of time. Essentially, once these pollutants enter a lake they tend to stay and are extremely difficult to remove. Once lake is contaminated, it is difficult, expensive, and sometimes impossible to remove pollutants. Preventing pollution is obviously important. Drinking water suppliers have discovered that lake protection is cost-effective because it reduces pollution and cuts the study abroad cost of drinking water treatment. Through a combination of government intervention and and effect essays, increased awareness of the importance and fragility of freshwater resources, pollution can be effectively managed in the future. There are many difficulties faced while observing the results of good study, lake restoration projects and basically lake restoration also includes a high proportion of trial and error, in which the means for a successful recovery is 5 paragraph cause essays, still largely uncertain. Restorations are often performed mainly to improve the water quality and common habit student their, not intended as a scientific experiment, (Mehner et al., 2002).

This implies that several remedies are often used more or less simultaneously, making it impossible to completely disentangle the effects of cause essays, all measures. A new challenge to future restoration projects is rainforest, future climate changes and the extent to which increased temperature or changed precipitation patterns may affect the choices and cause essays, plans for restoration. There are several signs that climatic changes will increase the risk of eutrophication and thus counteract restoration measures and destabilize the macrophyte-dominated clear-water state in good study abroad, coastal north temperate lakes (Mooij et al. 2005; Jeppesen et al. 5 Paragraph And Effect Essays! 2007): higher precipitation will increase the external nutrient loading and higher temperatures might improve the conditions for destruction habit student their Zooplanktivorous fish species such as carp Cyprius carpio and other cyprinids, and in combination this may reduce the possibility of obtaining top-down control of phytoplankton. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Environmental Studies essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and and effect essays, you could have your customised Environmental Studies work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Environmental Studies essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

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