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Exploring the Hydroclimatology of Floods: From Detection to Attribution
L’ambiguite narrative dans l’?uvre romanesque de Tahar Ben Jelloun : L’enfant de Sable et La nuit sacree. Thesis. 1 L'Enfant de Sable, texte narratif de l'ecrivain marocain Tahar Ben Jelloun, manifeste une evidente ambiguite du discours structuree de maniere consciente et systematique. An American Thesis. Cette situation est fondee sur l'identite indeterminee du personnage principal, sur la creation des univers symboliques et oniriques et sur la superposition des voix narratives. Flood Detector. 2 L'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun cotoie le conte, la legende, les rites maghrebins, les mythes ancestraux, etc. Advertisement Essay. Son originalite consiste dans le fait de savoir reunir tous les aspects de la tradition et de la culture maghrebine dans une symbiose avec des facteurs de la vie quotidienne et des problemes qui touchent la societe actuelle. Detector. 3 Ses personnages participent aussi de ces sources et ils ne peuvent qu'exister dans un monde imaginaire : ils font surgir un langage interdit en rapport avec le corps, la sexualite ou la situation de la femme. 4 Ses recits se trouvent souvent domines par les desordres de la memoire et les jeux de l'imagination ; cette situation, unie aux difficultes d'une ecriture complexe, fait que l'interpretation de ses textes est un vrai defi pour le lecteur. Description Essay. 1 Tous les fragments cites appartiennent a l'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun, L'Enfant de sable, Ed. Detector Thesis. Du Se (. Advertisement. ) 5 L'Enfant de Sable (1985) n'echappe pas a ces tendances.
L'action se situe dans un quartier d'une ville arabe ; base sur un fait divers, le roman raconte l'histoire d'Ahmed, la huitieme fille d'un riche commercant qui subit une education masculinisant, puisque son pere a besoin d'un male pour etre reconnu socialement. Detector. Il est convaincu que sa femme porte une maladie car elle ne peut pas concevoir d'enfants males – « Ca doit etre une malformation1 » (p. Essay On The. 22) » – mais il ne la repudiera pas, ni prendra d'autre epouse. Thesis. La decision de soumettre cette nouvelle fille aux lois masculines appartient exclusivement au pere et le pacte entre le couple se scelle : La femme ne pouvait qu'acquiescer. Elle obeit a son mari, comme d'habitude, mais se sentit cette fois-ci concernee par une action commune. Obama W. Elle etait enfin dans une complicite avec son epoux. Flood Detector Thesis. Sa vie allait avoir un sens. Paper. (p.
23) 6 Ce personnage ambigu arrive a etre conscient de sa realite, mais il l'accepte. Detector. Dans un moment donne, il reconnait son conflit : Je sais, j'ai un corps de femme. Obama W. (. Detector. ) J'ai un comportement d'homme, ou plus exactement, on analysis kill a mockingbird m'a appris a agir et a penser comme un etre naturellement superieur a la femme. Flood. Tout me le permettait : la religion, le texte coranique, la societe, la tradition, la famille, le pays. Contest To Win A Car. et moi-meme. Flood Detector. (p. Description Essay. 152) J'ai vecu dans l'illusion d'un autre corps, avec les habits et les emotions de quelqu'un d'autre. J'ai trompe tout le monde jusqu'au jour ou je me suis apercue que je me trompais moi-meme. Flood Detector Thesis. (p. Literary Analysis. 169) 7 L'indetermination sexuelle, cle pour comprendre le conflit ideologique et existentiel du roman, provoque chez Ahmed une insecurite qu'il ne peut pas resoudre : il est conscient de l'ambiguite de son identite, mais il n'arrive pas a comprendre l'enigme dont il est le protagoniste. Flood Detector Thesis. Il assume sa confusion existentielle, qui reste implicite dans le titre du roman : Etre femme est une infirmite naturelle dont tout le monde s'accommode.
Etre homme est une illusion et une violence que tout justifie et privilegie. Contest To Win. Etre tout simplement est un defi. Flood Thesis. (p. Advertisement Description. 94) 8 Le texte presente l'histoire d'Ahmed et son passage par les « sept portes », symboles de son processus d'evolution : la naissance, l'enfance, l'adolescence, le mariage, etc. Dans toutes ces etapes, il a des doutes par rapport a son identite, bien qu'il ne puisse pas resoudre le dilemme. Flood Detector. Arrive, par exemple, le moment des changements physiques comme la menstruation, la crise existentielle surgit : Aucun detail ne devrait venir, ni de l'exterieur ni du fond de la fosse, perturber cette rigueur. On The Ordering. Pas meme le sang. Flood. Et le sang un matin a tache mes draps. Thesis. (. Detector. ) Sur mes cuisses un mince filet de sang, une ligne irreguliere d'un rouge pale. Graduation Paper. (. Flood Thesis. ) C'etait un rappel, une grimace d'un souvenir enfoui, le souvenir d'une vie que je n'avais pas connue et qui aurait pu etre la mienne. Obama W. (p. Flood. 46) 9 La mort de son pere est essentielle car elle l'oblige a etre conscient, definitivement, de sa condition et il reproche a ses s?urs leur soumission : A partir de ce jour, je ne suis plus votre frere ; je ne suis pas votre pere non plus, mais votre tuteur. Obama W. J'ai le devoir et le droit de veiller sur vous. Flood. Vous me devez obeissance et respect.
Enfin, inutile de vous rappeler que je suis un homme d'ordre et que, si la femme chez nous est inferieure a l'homme, ce n'est pas parce que Dieu l'a voulu ou que le Prophete l'a decide, mais parce qu'elle accepte ce sort. Alors subissez et vivez dans le silence ! (pp. Graduation. 65-66) 10 En acceptant le versant masculin, privilegie, qui ne lui correspond pas physiologiquement, il a perpetue l'injustice traditionnellement commise, fait qui lui est presente avec toute sa cruaute : Vous savez combien notre societe est injuste avec les femmes, combien notre religion favorise l'homme (. Thesis. ) Vous avez pris gout aux privileges et vous avez, sans peut-etre le vouloir, ignore, meprise vos s?urs, (p. An American Tragedy Thesis. 87) 11 A ce qu'il repond, en repudiant tous les referents familiers face auxquels il se trouve : La grande, l'immense epreuve que je vis n'a de sens qu'en dehors de ces petits schemas psychologiques qui pretendent savoir et expliquer pourquoi une femme est une femme et un homme est un homme. Detector. Sachez, ami, que la famille, telle qu'elle existe dans nos pays, avec le pere tout-puissant et les femmes releguees a la domesticite avec une parcelle d'autorite que leur laisse le male, la famille, je la repudie, je l'enveloppe de brume et ne la reconnais plus. An American Tragedy. (p. Flood Detector. 89) 12 La deuxieme partie du texte est dominee par le niveau onirique. Literary Essay For To Kill. Finalement, Ahmed assume le role de femme, prend le prenom de Zahra et decide de retourner vers son passe pour chercher sa veritable personnalite. 13 Le roman nous propose differentes issues au conflit pose, mais elles ne sont pas definitives, car l'une d'elles serait La Nuit Sacree. Flood Thesis. L'Enfant de Sable se structure comme une metaphore d'un conflit existentiel qui concerne toute la societe ; ce conflit collectif serait represente par la figure d'Ahmed/Zahra, catalyseur d'une conscience collective ; son histoire reste un pretexte pour la denonciation sociale a tous les niveaux : le role de la femme, la tradition et la modernite, la sexualite, etc… 14 Dans une analyse plus exhaustive des aspects formels qui composent le recit, base pour les conclusions interpretatives posterieures, nous percevons que l'element principal qui rend propice l'unite du texte reside dans l'indetermination sexuelle deja mentionnee et dans la recherche du sexe sous l'ambiance oppressive d'une societe et d'une religion bien definies.
Dans ce jeu d'identites, les differentes voix narratives se superposent pour insister sur l'imprecision inherente au texte : le conteur public, Ahmed et Zahra, les auditeurs qui prennent la parole pour essayer de donner un sens a l'histoire, etc. An American Tragedy Thesis. Dans les deux parties du texte, la ligne anecdotique ne se voit interrompue que par les commentaires des narrateurs et par les « lectures » qu'on fait d'un livre ou se trouve, hypothetiquement, l'histoire d'Ahmed/Zahra. Detector. A tout cela il faut ajouter le probleme des continuels changements de narrateurs qui rendent difficile la lecture du recit. Description Essay. Apres la mort du pere et de l'epouse d'Ahmed, la narration souffre d'une bifurcation. Flood. On nous presente differentes versions de la meme histoire racontee par des conteurs qui assurent en etre temoins. Graduation. De toute facon, dans la deuxieme partie du roman, l'axe unificateur reste occulte car chaque narrateur projette sur l'histoire sa propre experience et solution, en laissant la porte ouverte a d'autres possibles interpretations. Ces ruptures, creees par les etres narratifs, se trouvent renforcees par le brisement du niveau reel de la narration avec des recits oniriques ou hallucinatoires. Flood Thesis. Finalement, les changements temporels entre le passe, le present et le futur, rendent difficile aussi la perception de l'unite du texte. Obama W. 15 Le temps du recit n'est pas unitaire non plus, car il se trouve genere par l'action du narrateur-narrateurs et il est interrompu par de nombreuses prolepses qui se correspondent au niveau onirique et hallucinatoire deja mentionne. Thesis. Par contre, le temps de l'action du recit atteint son unite grace a la presence d'Ahmed, sauf pour le denouement final ou l'auteur nous donne plusieurs interpretations, toujours vers un itineraire chaotique. Placemats. Le recit eclate par une concurrence des narrateurs et des voix en rivalite, car chaque conteur remplace l'anterieur et tous pretendent etre les heritiers de l'histoire.
16 La polyphonie narrative produit la creation des differents univers symboliques et parfois oniriques qui accentuent l'ambiguite du discours. Flood Detector Thesis. A cette polyphonie il faut ajouter la superposition des voix des differents personnages qui prennent la parole pour insister sur la realite du conflit existentiel du personnage principal. Of Towns. 17 Ainsi, des le debut de l'histoire, nous trouvons un narrateur omniscient a la troisieme personne, charge de nous situer l'action et de continuer avec l'evolution des presences narratives, et d'un conteur public a la premiere personne qui raconte l'histoire d'Ahmed, d'apres le livre que celui-ci lui avait donne, nous supposons, avant de mourir. Thesis. Au cours de la lecture, nous nous rendons compte que cette deuxieme entite narrative fonctionne comme un miroir qui deforme la realite, la manipule et se situe entre le premier narrateur et le propre Ahmed, mais en justifiant toutes ses interventions par le Livre ou il a trouve l'histoire. A cause de ce conteur, le personnage acquiert parfois un statuts d'irrealite, renforce par l'intervention du public qui, lentement, prend la parole. Essay To Win. 18 L'action de ce premier conteur est amplifiee par deux autres importantes interventions ou Ahmed parle a la premiere personne : la lecture du livre et de quelques lettres qui forment partie d'un echange epistolaire que la partie masculine du personnage maintient avec sa partie feminine. Thesis. Ainsi, Ahmed se dedouble en deux presences narratives, avec deux univers bien definis, produits de son indetermination sexuelle. An American Tragedy Thesis. Finalement, le pretendu frere de Fatima prend la parole, tandis que le conteur se transforme en auditeur, pour affirmer qu'il est le vrai possesseur de l'histoire qu'on est en train de raconter. Flood Detector. Dans tout ce processus, le personnage d'Ahmed a cree un univers propre, symbolique, que personne ne comprend, pour pouvoir survivre a cette situation et pour attendre un changement radical de sa destinee. An American Thesis. Il se retire dans une chambre ou seulement Malika, la servante, peut entrer et ou il essaie de recuperer toutes les sensations qui lui ont ete interdites : La lumiere le deshabillait. Le bruit le perturbait.
Depuis qu'il s'etait retire dans cette chambre haute, voisine de la terrasse, il ne supportait plus le monde exterieur (. Thesis. ) Il avait besoin d'un long moment, peut-etre des mois, pour ramasser ses membres, mettre de l'ordre dans son passe, corriger l'image funeste que son entourage s'etait fait de lui ces derniers temps, regler minutieusement sa mort (. Graduation Placemats. ). Detector Thesis. (pp. Obama W. 8-9) 19 Toute la premiere partie du texte est donc dominee par cette alternance des narrateurs qui provoque une certaine confusion sur la personnalite fictive du narrateur omniscient. Flood Detector Thesis. Dans la deuxieme partie du roman, ou le niveau onirique regne, cette diversite narrative est plus vertigineuse. Ordering. Apres la mort du premier conteur et la destruction du manuscrit, le narrateur omniscient cede peu a peu le tour de parole a une serie de personnages du public, qui reprennent un espace symbolique cree anterieurement, le cirque, pour situer le recit d'Ahmed et pour lui donner une solution propre. Ahmed, en plus, assume finalement son role de Zahra et le narrateur masculin a la premiere personne se transforme en une presence feminine. Flood Thesis. Parfois, avec cette prise de conscience, Ahmed est le narrateur de sa propre histoire, fonction qui se complete par la lecture de quelques lettres anonymes que celui-ci recoit. An American Thesis. Ces lettres ont une fonction clairement narrative et elles representent le premier espace symbolique ou Ahmed prend le role de femme : ainsi, il nous montre le processus de dedoublement de la personnalite et la posterieure crise d'identite que tout cela comporte. Thesis. 20 Dans le recit de Salem, le cirque et les personnages qui appartiennent a cet espace, rendent propice la mort de Zahra. Obama W. Ce narrateur pense que tout le conflit n'est pas un probleme d'erreur de la nature, mais une deviation sociale qui ne peut que finir par un suicide. Flood Thesis. La solution d'Amar passe par la reflexion existentielle, car il considere que Zahra es prisonniere de sa destinee et qu'elle ne peut pas supporter le fait d'avoir « deux vies avec deux perceptions et deux visages mais les memes reves, la meme profonde solitude » (p. Graduation. 155).
Amar substitue l'espace onirique du cirque a celui de la retraite de la premiere partie et il affirme que Zahra s'est laisse mourir dans sa chambre d'ou elle n'est jamais sortie, en detruisant avec son recit l'espace recree par le narrateur anterieur. Flood Detector. Fatouma, qui actualise la derniere intervention du public, s'identifie avec Zahra. To Win. Elle soutient que l'histoire est la sienne, qu'elle l'avait perdue et qu'elle l'avait recuperee grace aux recits du conteur, de Salem et d'Amar. Flood Thesis. Sa version suppose une extrapolation et une universalisation completes car il se situe a Buenos Aires. Obama W. Ces trois narrateurs, donc, modifient le recit et son denouement selon leur propre point de vue et leur vision de la realite. Detector. Chacun d'entre eux represente un aspect marginal de la societe (le sexe, l'intellectualite et la femme) leur niveau symbolique etant indeniable. Contest. 21 Apres toute cette serie de presences narratives, nous trouvons finalement la figure du « troubadour aveugle », l'intellectuel qui observe comment son discours se transforme en metadiscours litteraire. Detector. Il nous donne la derniere solution de ce roman au conflit pose ; selon lui, cette issue a toujours ete chez les intellectuels, meme si elle traverse les frontieres du texte car La Nuit Sacree insiste a nouveau sur ce meme probleme.
22 Pour conclure avec les derives symboliques et interpretatives de ce roman, nous pouvons remarquer que le texte est concu comme la metaphore d'un conflit existentiel de l'auteur qui sert de creuset au conflit collectif de tout un peuple soumis par un processus de colonisation. Cette collectivite est representee par le personnage d'Ahmed, bien que tous les narrateurs y participent. Graduation. Sur un plan individuel et diegetique, le personnage essaie d'assumer sa condition, et il accepte volontiers et consciemment la situation a laquelle il a ete mene. Detector. Mais, au fur et a mesure qu'il a decouvert son corps et qu'il a pressenti sa veritable personnalite, Zahra se rebelle contre Ahmed et on essay a mockingbird arrive a un degre d'une forte diegese quand elle accepte la condition de femme qui lui avait ete niee par l'organisation anecdotique du roman. Thesis. Cette diegese coincide avec le cirque et avec la disparition de Malika, fait necessaire pour que Zahra puisse se developper comme femme. Essay On The Of Towns. Toute cette evolution se trouve accompagnee par l'absence d'un espace propre a ce personnage principal et par l'expulsion systematique de tous les espaces ou il s'introduit momentanement. Detector. De cette facon, du moment ou Ahmed assume le role du pere apres la mort de celui-ci, son espace devrait etre la maison, mais il ne peut pas l'occuper physiquement car il n'est pas un homme ; il decide donc de se retirer et de creer son propre univers. Essay Contest To Win A Car. Il sortira volontiers de cette retraite – espace de l'interiorisation – en acceptant sa condition.
Il arrive au cirque ou il agit avec son role de femme. Flood Thesis. Mais il sera aussi expulse de cet espace car l'indetermination sexuelle l'empeche d'accepter sa condition. Obama W. Precisement, sa partie masculine, representee par la lettre du correspondant anonyme, provoquera cette nouvelle exclusion. 23 Finalement, Ahmed est exclu non seulement de son espace physique, mais aussi de l'interieur, car l'ambiguite existentielle qu'il subit ne lui permet pas d'avoir une seule conscience, bien qu'il ait un seul corps. Detector Thesis. Cette realite provoque la creation des univers paralleles. Literary Analysis Essay Kill. Il affirme : « je suis (. Flood Detector. ) moi et un autre » (p.
96) ou « je suis moi-meme l'ombre et la lumiere (. Obama W. ) le maitre de la maison (. Flood Thesis. ) et l'invite, le regard qui se cherche et le miroir » (pp. Advertisement. 44-45). Apres avoir pris la decision d'assumer sa condition masculine – « je ne dors plus dans le corps d'un autre » (p. Flood Detector Thesis. 53) –, il a besoin de demontrer qu'il a trouve un espace propre ; cette nouvelle situation changera car la retraite suppose une nouvelle crise d'identite – « Qui suis-je ? Et qui est l'autre ? » (p. On The Ordering. 55) –, recueillie dans la correspondance qu'il maintient avec soi meme. Flood Detector. Ce sera precisement son correspondant, sa partie masculine, celui qui lui fera decouvrir son corps et les sensations de femme dans les differents espaces oniriques. Essay On The Ordering Of Towns. A la fin de sa retraite, elle se voit expulsee a nouveau : elle accepte son indetermination bien que cela suppose vivre sans un espace propre. Flood Thesis. Nous arrivons, donc, a la conclusion que Ahmed/Zahra n'a pas d'espace reel defini car elle ne possede pas non plus de sexe, de personnalite ni de conscience definies, de la meme facon que le conflit qu'elle symbolise. Placemats. 24 Comme conclusion, nous pouvons constater que le texte nous fournit differentes issues au conflit pose, grace aux jeux des narrateurs. Detector Thesis. Cette polyphonie narrative nous permet de considerer les differents recits comme homodiegetiques.
Cette multiplicite des voix se projette en dehors des frontieres du texte en donnant naissance a un nouveau recit, La Nuit Sacree, ou le narrateur principal assume finalement son identite feminine. Etant donne que cette analyse se base sur une etude intrinseque au texte, nous ne mentionnerons que quelques ?uvres de reference, sans aucune intention d'exhaustivite. Essay Kill A Mockingbird. Ben jelloun (T.) : L'Enfant de Sable, Paris, Ed. Flood Detector. Du Seuil, 1985. An American Tragedy Thesis. Gauvin (L.) : L'ecrivain francophone a la croisee des langues. Flood Detector Thesis. Entretiens, Paris, Ed. Advertisement Essay. Karthala, 1997. Flood Detector Thesis. Joubert (J.-L.) : Et alii. Advertisement Description. Les litteratures francophones depuis 1945, Paris, Bordas, 1986. Flood Thesis. Memmi (A.) : Ecrivains francophones du Maghreb, Paris, Ed.
Seghers, 1985. An American. Viatte (A.) : Histoire comparee des litteratures francophones, Paris, Nathan, 1980. Flood Thesis. 1 Tous les fragments cites appartiennent a l'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun, L'Enfant de sable, Ed. An American Thesis. Du Seuil, Paris, 1985. Detector Thesis. Par la suite, nous n'indiquerons que la page ou ils se trouvent.
Violeta Maria Baena Galle , « L’ambiguite narrative dans l’?uvre romanesque de Tahar Ben Jelloun : L’enfant de Sable et La nuit sacree », Cahiers de Narratologie [En ligne], 10.1 | 2001, mis en ligne le 16 octobre 2014, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : http://narratologie.revues.org/6922. Description Essay. Université de Ayamonte (Espagne) Article L.111-1 du Code de la propriete intellectuelle. Flood. Espace du recit, recit de l’espace en contexte germanique 31 | 2016. An American Thesis. Serialite narrative. Detector Thesis. Enjeux esthetiques et economiques 30 | 2016.
Street Art 2 29 | 2015. Essay. Street Art 1 28 | 2015. Flood. Le recit comme acte cognitif 27 | 2014. Les bifurcations du recit interactif: continuite ou rupture? 26 | 2014. Description Essay. Nouvelles frontieres du recit. Flood Detector Thesis. Au-dela de l’opposition entre factuel et fictionnel 25 | 2013.
Humour et modernite dans les litteratures de langues romanes du XIXe au XXIe siecle 24 | 2013. Obama W. Avant-gardes et litterature narrative 23 | 2012. Flood Thesis. Le sujet et l’art dans la prose francaise contemporaine (1990-2012) 22 | 2012. Voix off et narration cinematographique. Obama W. Second volet 21 | 2011. Flood Detector Thesis. Rencontres de narrativites : perspectives sur l'intrigue musicale 20 | 2011. Contest To Win A Car. Voix off et narration cinematographique 19 | 2010.
Images composites, arts pluriels 18 | 2010. Flood Thesis. Litterature et sciences 17 | 2009. Stereotype et narration litteraire 16 | 2009. Literary Essay For To Kill. Images et recits 15 | 2008. Flood Thesis. Recits et genres historiques 14 | 2008. To Win. Prose d'idees : formes et savoirs 13 | 2006. Thesis. Nouvelles approches de l'intertextualite 12 | 2005. Obama W. Recit et ethique 11 | 2004.
Figures de la lecture et du lecteur 10.1 | 2001. Flood. ISSN electronique 1765-307X. Informations Titre : Cahiers de Narratologie Analyse et theorie narratives En bref : Revue dediee a l'etude des genres narratifs et a la production de recits et d'objets culturels.
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method writing essay Double-click on any word and see its definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the most important skills you will learn and develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to realise that this is detector thesis a skill which has to essay contest to win a car be learnt and practised, and flood thesis, that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the essay to win early weeks to the very end of your degree programme. These skills will be used by you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Essay writing involves presenting an argument and communicating. It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of flood thesis, scenarios in paper, which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at various forums, writing articles for publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in journalism, and writing lectures and class plans for your future students. The list is endless, and it is obvious that the way you present your arguments in written form can make the difference between success and failure - in which case you will have to think again. In some of the scenarios outlined above the thesis skills required for analysis kill a mockingbird essay writing should be slightly adapted but the basic skills and methods are in the main common to all forms of formal writing in flood detector, which an argument or arguments need to obama w be presented. The focus here is primarily on writing essays concerning literature.
You may have many great ideas and detector thesis, be a very intuitive and fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. It is no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into presenting them clearly . Some of the following may be obvious, but the points need to be emphasised and consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and description, indifferent at the University of Liège. An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in the past have been a list of notes, or a series of sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of what they are doing there.
Let us be blunt here and state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and the use of different coloured pens. Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in ochre, followed by a list of quotations in vermilion are pointless. We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an detector, essay is poor. An essay should be the development of obama w, argument, interpretation and analysis through extended and flowing narrative . To do this you need to detector thesis work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph . The paragraph is a coherent passage of logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to your argument. Thesis? Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. It takes experience and practice to develop a sense of flood thesis, when a new paragraph is needed and when it has been finished. Examine the paper introduction to this booklet and detector, this guide to get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and ends appear.
The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to signal or indicate the idea to be discussed within the paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the main areas examined in a particular paragraph. Connecting and signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). The argument should develop through the language you use and therefore in an american tragedy, a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Several stages are involved in essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and thesis, the actual writing. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle.
Generally, however, the process will involve the following. You should examine carefully the statements made in the essay question , making sure you understand each word and obama w, what is being asked, as misreading and flood detector, misunderstanding at this stage can be fatal. Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of them is essay of towns essential. Flood? Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in the introduction to this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Next you will probably want to identify the key points that you want to discuss. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to try to think of a title for your essay. This is essay on the ordering not to be confused with the flood detector thesis essay question or title, but is concerned with your response to the task set.
What title would best give the reader an overview of essay kill a mockingbird, your approach and analysis, and highlight the flood detector thesis main points you examine and the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later). You should not assume that an on the ordering, essay has to include and cover all the possible points an flood thesis, interpretation may offer up. Literary For To Kill? A short, well organised and structured essay focusing on some of the detector thesis main points is far better than an description essay, over-long and unwieldy attempt to flood thesis say a little about everything. You may find it useful to state in obama w, the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Keep your reader informed of the development of your argument.
Let her or him know which direction is being taken and the reasons why. Once the main points have been identified you need to consider in which order they will be examined. Students often do not make the flood detector most of the good ideas they have because they get lost if the argument does not develop coherently. Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about them. Make sure the relevance of each point to the main argument is an american tragedy thesis clearly stated and demonstrated. You should dwell and flood, linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and focused. A good essay takes time to an american tragedy thesis prepare and write, so start to think about it and do the flood groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in obama w, timed conditions, such as exams, it is important to flood detector take the time to organise and structure the essay before starting to write). You will probably find that you need to an american work out your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and are encouraged to prepare an outline of the essay: a point by point series of key words, phrases and ideas. This will help you to organise the structure and to recognise what is relevant and detector, irrelevant to the essay as a whole. Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of eight to ten words only.
Others find it more useful to draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along. Some students find it easier to essay to win a car think and plan the essay point by point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only thesis develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to be done well. It should be stressed here that the first plan does not have to be binding and may change as the work begins and develops. The main point here is that essays involve a certain amount of planning and preparation even before the actual writing begins.
Having emphasised that essays are hard work and take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and rewarding to work through a number of a car, ideas in depth and detail. Detector? Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful. The ideas and an american, images often demand careful thought and attention. Computers are essential in terms of using the time you spend on detector thesis, an essay efficiently and literary analysis, productively. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on every stage of the process: reading and research, making an outline, ordering and structuring your ideas, writing and changing various drafts, and final editing and presentation.
With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to learn word-processing skills and to detector make sure you have access to a computer. Use the analysis essay a mockingbird university resources. Thesis? Admittedly the space available is limited at times but this is no excuse not to learn the skills, if you do not already possess them, and to find out where there are available computer terminals. Of course if you use university resources it is advertisement description even more important to start your essay early in order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from this department, search for terminals in a panic on the Friday before a Monday deadline. It is appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of work, but it is a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to learn word-processing skills. Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of time. It is far easier to add and flood detector thesis, delete material, and to restructure and obama w, reorganise essays by moving material around, on a computer than if you are writing by hand. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for instance, will tell you what to do in explicit English or French, and typing skills can be learned whilst typing. Your essay will be the flood thesis representation of an argument on graduation paper, a given subject or subjects . Detector? It will include only points which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to essay contest to win a car get rid of material that is not directly relevant. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the flood thesis essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the skill of writing is to an american write concisely and economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and repetition.
Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from flood point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to the preceding one and advertisement description, the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to later, after taking into consideration . '. After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and flood detector, coherent order. Read each draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in obama w, the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant?
Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text. Does your argument need to be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of imagery and literary language . Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on to the next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and other literary devices, then say how and why they are being used in flood detector thesis, the piece of kill, fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and why an image is being used then don't mention it. You will not write good work on literature if you approach an flood detector, essay as some useless game of 'spot the obama w image'. Throughout your years at the University of Liège you will be writing essays on literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the detector thesis literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas.
These quotations can obviously add much to the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by students. Essay On The? Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of comments, and it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. Quotations need to be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by the logical development of your argument . ( See Example 1 at the end of this guide). You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material. Detector Thesis? This is often likely to be the case as there is tragedy really little point in including 'bland' quotations in your essay. You may want to flood gloss, explain, qualify or modify the quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well.
Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in essay construction also displays independent thinking in description essay, that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and believed everything you have read. One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime. Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to recognise when you are plagiarising. Detector? If you use other people's ideas and words they have to be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . ( See Example 2 at the end of contest a car, this guide). Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clarity should be relatively short.
It is flood detector thesis generally best not to include new ideas or new material in your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the prior arguments. You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the obama w wrong idea about thesis, conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and come down on the side of one argument or another. This can be the case but it is advertisement not necessarily so. If an detector, essay title comes in the form of a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of literary analysis essay for to a mockingbird, Irish culture?', and you cannot decide, do not think that this is a problem. Flood Detector Thesis? It is as much a sign of intelligence to essay contest to win a car state that you cannot decide as it is to detector sift through the an american tragedy evidence and decide one way or the other. Think about thesis, why you cannot decide. Perhaps the to win evidence is flood detector thesis conflicting.
Perhaps the literary text and an american tragedy, its use of imagery is flood detector thesis ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is graduation paper placemats often the case. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the statements or questions raised by the title , or by flood detector questions raised directly in responding to the title. If so, say so. A forced conclusion to advertisement description essay an essay can be as bad as the flood essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the obama w literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the basis of the essay. Flood Thesis? Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and analysis kill, modify this material that makes the argument your own and flood, original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in essay a car, academic writing . This is generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational . Your voice and your ideas need to flood be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style.
Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is on the a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to detector be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the text, and what you think she or he wants to a car hear. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the tutor, then develop them happily. Flood Thesis? Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the tutor agrees with the advertisement essay overall argument. It is not particularly interesting for tutors to read in flood thesis, essays only what they have said in literary analysis a mockingbird, class, particularly if this is detector thesis reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. Obama W? You will write a better essay if you are focusing on detector thesis, your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by them. Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to your tutor.
Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Once the essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at the grade you have received before putting it at the bottom of your files. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes. Writing is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an ongoing process and essay contest to win, you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an important part of thesis, this process.
Example 1: Using Quotations. The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used. Because the paper quotes from the tragedy thesis novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by flood detector thesis footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the essay contest paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an flood detector, indented paragraph. An American Tragedy? Note that even when the thesis writing by the author of the paper is an american thesis combined with quotations from the flood novel and graduation, secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent.
Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of flood detector, her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. On The Ordering? 1 This is Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for flood detector God, she moulds the child for an american her own ends. 'You are mine,' she says, '. of my stamp and cut . ' (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and this is demonstrated in flood detector, a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for essay for to a mockingbird confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group's jester, or to go with them to detector the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to analysis for to kill regain control by playing on flood, her religious convictions: All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and a mockingbird, dangerous zone of the earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. Flood Detector? 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)
Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the essay moral code, it does not apply to her' (146). This dismissal of flood, possible retribution distorts the girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is essay on the ordering taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to or quoted from them directly. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in flood detector, inverted commas.
When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the publisher, and obama w, the date when the book was published. To reference the detector source of an obama w, article from a journal include the name of the journal, the number and/or volume number, the flood detector thesis date of publication and the page numbers. There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, but the same elements appear in essay contest to win a car, each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for further details. This is a model used by many British universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33. Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84. Lodge, David, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on flood thesis, Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993) This is the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and is used by most American universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete.
Television and the Public Sphere . London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen. Antipodean Feminism. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33. Fussel, Paul.
The Great War and Modern Memory . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Gledhill, Christine. Melodrama in contest to win, The Cinema Book . Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. Detector Thesis? 73-84. Lodge, David. The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and thesis, Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44. Pettifer, James.
The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993. The essential information provided by each model is given in the same order, but they differ in the way that the details are presented. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves: · John Clanchy and thesis, Brigid Ballard, How to thesis Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)
1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to this edition and given in detector thesis, the text. 2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ', in David Lodge, The Novelist at tragedy, the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.
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Why it#8217;s hard to find Android developers. I#8217;m an detector, Android developer (at Aviary) and a New Yorker since late 2010. I#8217;ve been also an actionscript and python developer for more than 10 years. I hear this every day. Your New York based company is desperately looking for an Android developer, and it’s damn hard to find one. Obama W. And you know what? This is your fault . I mean you, tech startup. Yes, you.
Almost all the startups I know here in thesis, NYC have launched their core product for iOS first (most of the PMs I’ve spoken with have said that was because of lack of people or time). And then, maybe, if there#8217;s time… they start to realize they need to have an analysis essay for to kill, Android version of their app. But by detector thesis this point the job is not to #8220;create” something, it’s just a “porting” job. Description Essay. Which, for flood detector, obvious reasons, is a much less attractive job for tragedy thesis, developers, just as it would be for detector, a PM or a designer. Continue reading → Android Create a Vignette effect.
Let#8217;s say you want to want to obama w dynamically apply a #8220;vignette#8221; on flood thesis, an ImageView. Something like this: These are basically 4 steps we need in order to accomplish the task: I#8217;ve just created this simple Android library, inspired from the placemats, recent changes to the Google+ app, which introduced a floating action item to the bottom. In G+ the action item appears and disappears based on the page scrolling. In the same way I#8217;ve created this library, with some more customization options, like the detector thesis, gravity and direction of the essay kill a mockingbird, floating menu items. Here#8217;s a video of a sample implementation:
Source code and documentation can be find on the github project page: java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError workaround. Flood Detector Thesis. If you ever worked with native shared libraries in Android you#8217;ve probably already faced the #8220;java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError#8221; java exception which randomly seems to happen on advertisement, certain devices ( actually it#8217;s happening on xperia phones mostly, based on my reports ). The problem is that Google basically marked all of them as #8220;resolved#8221;, even if developers are still complaining about it. I recently added more changes to my forked version of the Picasso library. Added withDelay(long ms) method in the RequestCreator class. Basically it will delay the load of the passed resource by n milliseconds. In the thesis, original Picasso code all the #8220;complete#8221; events are dispatched using a batch operation, this means that you can have at the same time 3/4 #8220;complete#8221; events being triggered, which eventually can cause lags in the UI. In this fork the literary analysis essay kill a mockingbird, batch is disabled by default and can be re-enabled by using: Fork or download the source from GitHub: Link the flood detector, library in your build.gradle: Recently I started using this nice library, Picasso, for my Android projects. Literary Analysis For To Kill A Mockingbird. Basically it#8217;s a library which allows you to load any type of images (local or remote, assets or resources) asynchronously into your ImageView. It will load them in background for you, this not blocking the flood detector, UI. It has also an ordering, internal cache system and flood, it also comes with some useful features like #8220;fade#8221; ( when an image is an american tragedy thesis, loaded into the view it will automatically create a fade in effect ), #8220;transform#8221; ( you want to flood post transform the loaded bitmap ), #8220;resize#8221;, #8220;fit#8221; and more.
You can find a better explanation of the project here: http://square.github.io/picasso/ By the way, long story short, as often happens, when you start to use a 3rd party library you also find it#8217;s limitations and you want to make your own changes to fit your particular needs. Advertisement. In fact I made a fork of detector, this library starting adding my changes. Here#8217;s a first list of changes I made: Added the possibility to essay on the of towns use an external cache instance per request. Cache cache = new LruCache( 1024*1024*1 ); Picasso.with( this ).load( file ).withCache( myCache ).into( imageView ); Remember to clear the cache when you don#8217;t need that anymore ( using cache.clear() ) Generators can be used to load images which cannot be loaded using the thesis, common scheme convention. There are different situations when you need to generate a Bitmap which is not directly related to a file or url or even a real bitmap resource. In this case you can use the scheme #8220;custom.resource#8221; with a Generator. A Generator is a simple interface with only one method: Bitmap decode( String path ) throws IOException; So you can use a generator in this way: .load( Uri.parse( custom.resource:// + file ) ) .withGenerator( new Generator() public Bitmap decode( String path ) throws IOException. Both the essay for to, original Picasso methods resize and resizeDimen have been modified in the followings new methods: public RequestCreator resize(int targetWidth, int targetHeight, boolean onlyIfBigger); basically you can pass an option to flood skip the resize operation if the loaded bitmap is smaller than the passed `targetWidth` and `targetHeight` Picasso uses a default BitmapFactory.Options object, every time, to decode the required Bitmap.
I#8217;ve added a method `withOptions` in the RequestCreator which allow you to essay pass your own Options object which will be used to decode the image. Obtain styleable fields at flood, runtime. Essay Contest To Win A Car. Ususally, when we want to get some “R” attributes at runtime, we use the Resources getIdentifier method, which is useful for getting strings, drawables and ids at detector thesis, runtime. Description. Unfortunately this method cannot be used to get the thesis, styleable fields. However, using java reflections, there’s another way to solve the problem.
With this snippet you can get styleable fields at runtime in tragedy thesis, your code: // use reflection to access the resource class. Field field = Class.forName( context.getPackageName() + .R$styleable ).getField( name ); if ( null != field ) return (T) field.get( null ); catch ( Throwable t ) Which can be used in this way: array = context.obtainStyledAttributes( attrs, styleableArray, defStyle, 0 ); As you may have noticed I#8217;m not working with flash and actionscript anymore. However I still receive some requests regarding the purePDF library I published, well I don#8217;t remember when exactly #128578; By the way, I decided to move the code to github, thus it will be easier for flood detector, anyone still interested in that library to fork and add modifications and share to other people.
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Current Watercolor Workout Class Homework. No Class September 20, Homework Due Sept 27. Finish the monochromatic barn painting. Make sure the values you paint monochromaticly are what you want. Then repaint the same scene in color with the goal of matching the values in your monochromatic painting. Homework Due September 13.
Finish the Cuban Classic Cars drawing and paint it monochromatically. My version is below. Just a quick sketch, but notice: wire framing/structure both in the buildings and the cars, more detail the detector thesis, closer to the viewer and the center of interest, indications of perspective not just the buildings and cars, but in the street. Cuban Classic Cars - Start. Cuban Classic Cars - Finish. No class September 20. I’ll be in Greece. September 27 class will be a quick painting session so bring your larger drawing and painting pads (18” x 24”). Homework Due September 6.
Your homework is to finish the graduation, painting you started, preferably monochromatically. Think about 3-4 value ranges - plus gradation. Below is a photo of the flood, initial demo I painted today in 20 or so minutes along with the finished painting which I labored on for another hour and essay contest a half. Pretty subtle difference. I didn’t want to lose the freshness of the start, but if you look carefully you’ll note a number of minor changes. I think it is thesis, slightly better now, but only slightly. Note: On my computer, the subtle value differences above are real, not photography artifacts. Homework, due August 30, 9:00 am. Compare your drawing with a tracing of the photo. Use the literary for to kill, knowledge gained (not the tracing paper) to improve the drawing. Repeat.
Use your drawing (which should be very light), to help place the value shapes you see. As you paint, combine darks with darks, lights with lights, mid-tones with mid-tones. Think, 3 to thesis 4 value ranges, plus gradation. You may find it helpful to first shade in graduation paper placemats, the tracing paper to help you identify the value groupings you want to flood detector paint. The above was traced, and values added using a combination of marker on obama w, tracing paper and Photoshop. You can do better.
Elisabeth mentioned that I had thrown a lot at you today, so I’ll summarize. When drawing from a photo , be sure the aspect ratio matches your paper. Start with the flood thesis, biggest shapes, usually that means the “envelop”. Work from larger shapes to paper placemats smaller, light lines to detector darker. Straight lines, horizontals, verticals and angles are easiest to judge. You have lots of techniques for improving accuracy of placement (shape, negative space, horizontals, verticals, angles, “extensions”, relative size, centerline, structure). Use those that help. When drawing from a photo , don’t forget to advertisement description essay mentally extend lines to both the near and far edge (to assess where the extension crosses the paper’s edge).
Use structure, not just when drawing a portrait, but for flood detector thesis, most objects. Symmetry around the centerline - applies to all mammals, birds and reptiles, most fish and many man-made objects (vehicles, bottles, dishes, furniture, buildings) Loosely speaking, use symmetry for drawing but not for design. Drawing in Value The above techniques generally apply to drawing using line, but the same thought process can be applied to drawing using value (i.e. shading with vine charcoal). One advantage of drawing in value is obama w, that it is both additive (charcoal) and flood thesis subtractive (eraser). Another advantage is that relatively quickly you see the image (or a ghost of it), which either looks right or doesn’t. In drawing in value, you generally wouldn’t actually draw the essay kill, lines, but would mentally note them to help you place the value shapes. Finally, in all drawing, it’s easy to flood get caught up in the detail. Don’t forget to step back and analysis for to kill consider the big picture. Does it look right. If not, why not. Homework Due August 23, 9:00AM.
Paint any simple scene monochromatically. That is no color, value only. Working from thesis life is most challenging because photos translate the value range for you. But whether you work from life or a photo, after you paint the scene use your smart phone to remove the color from ordering of towns a photo of the scene so you can compare your painting with the black and white photo. Jane - If you would prefer not to paint on fully soaked paper, just choose one of the detector, homework assignments you missed. Jack and an american Elisabeth - Copy the painting below by Cao Bei An. The figures were clearly added wet-on-dry, perhaps a few accents were too. Thesis? Some light accents were scraped out with a knife while the paper was still damp. It may help when you paint adjacent to the pure white areas, to add a little clear water in the white areas to help create a clean barrier to the pigment (because if that area is damp but drier than the adjacent area it will suck pigment towards it acting like a sponge). As a reminder, key aspects of painting on fully wet paper are: Soak the paper for about 10 minutes Paint with the paper flat, dry at an angle Remoisten on the back of the paper before it begins to dry out Paint light to dark somewhat, but mostly soft edges to hard For a hard edge on wet paper, dry the ferule Test first, away from the edge, to graduation paper placemats determine diffusion Ratio of moisture in brush to moisture on paper is critical Get the full range of values early on the entire paper Adjust values as you paint Paint the flood thesis, entire painting while the paper is damp Once the graduation paper, painting is bone dry: can re-wet and rework darkening is easiest.
use wet-on-dry for emphasis. regain lost lights. You might also want to take a look at flood detector, my more extensive notes on painting wet on fully soaked paper here. Homework Due August 2, 1:00PM. Set up a simple still life lit with a single light source. Advertisement Description? Don't let it become a chore, but paint it twice. Once monochromaticly and once in thesis, color.
Keep it simple, perhaps just two or three pieces of fruit or a cup and saucer. An American Tragedy? The important thing is to flood thesis focus on value in both paintings. Your homework is to paint a monochromatic still life that you set up at home. Its best to light your still life with a single light source. Think in terms of 4 values (2 lights and 2 darks), plus gradation. You can see far more values than can be conveyed with pigment, so one important aspect of the task is to radically simplify the of towns, values you see (from literally thousands into just 4) and then paint those value relationships (not the actual values). For example, don’t think, “I see that value therefore I paint that value.” Instead think, “Those are the darkest darks I see, therefore I paint them the darkest.”
Value studies serve two purposes. We are using them to flood thesis help us learn to translate the values we see into the values we paint. But a second purpose is to on the ordering help us design in value. Strong value patterns (5 to 7 shapes, interesting, connected, simplified) are an important aspect of good design. So once you are confident of detector your ability to an american tragedy thesis translate the values you see into the values you paint, focus on incorporating that knowledge into creating a strong value pattern (which often requires adjusting the values to detector thesis meet the needs of the description, design). I had planned for us to flood detector paint in color next session, but I think it would be better if we spend some more time with value studies so that’s what we’ll do.
These watercolor value studies are by David Lobenberg. Now, notice how these value studies by Carl Purcell link the darks and placemats lights into thesis, clear, interesting, value patterns. No class next week, July 12. An American Tragedy? Next class will be July 19, 1:00PM. I liked how well you painted the boots so I looked on-line to see if I could find good examples of flood detector loosely painted boots for your homework. Not only did I find multiple examples by an artist whose work I admire, Paul Wright, but he has evidently painted the very same boots we painted. Advertisement Essay? Below is his and my painting of “our” boots. He’s an detector acrylic painter, but his paintings are still good examples to emulate. On The Of Towns? So your homework is to copy anything by Paul Wright. Search his name on-line and you can find many paintings from which to choose not just boots, but shoes and portraits too, all in thesis, his loose “painterly” style.
To make it easy, I’ve attached one of his paintings of shoes, but choose another of his paintings if you prefer. Copy any of the paintings below. We’ll paint the owl in essay ordering of towns, class next week. It’s a difficult technique to flood detector thesis explain, but I’d like you to try it for homework so you have a better idea how the paper and water interact when I give the demonstration. I’ll explain the technique in essay ordering of towns, overview, then provide a few details which may just be confusing if you don’t keep the overview in mind. The above paintings are by Dean Crouser. Overview: In general, the flood detector thesis, idea is to paint wet-in-wet, dropping in (charging) or lifting pigment to achieve the desired value. Avoid unpainted areas, but keep the wet-in-wet area you’re working on damp by description either dropping in either additional pigment or pure water (if you don’t want to change the value). A Few Details: When painting fully wet-in-wet, it helps to lay the paper flat (or with a slight angle if puddles form). Once you have drawn the subject, apply pigment wet-on-dry to the chosen area, but continue to flood detector charge (drop in) pigment wet-in-wet paying close attention to maintaining both color intensity and the appropriate value. So long as the description essay, area being painted is uniformly damp and not beginning to dry out, you can continue to work in it.
Complements will dull each other, so to flood detector thesis maintain intensity, only add adjacent colors on the color wheel. Darken the value by adding concentrated pigment (sometimes a darker pigment). Keeping the area damp without darkening the value by adding clear water. Essay On The Ordering? Some areas are painted wet-on-dry, as a separate step. Some areas are deliberate splatters, also a separate step.
Follow the same painting and thought process as for June 21. First wash - light, establishing harmony and underpainting. 2nd wash - establish darks. 3rd wash - clarifying without specifying. Finish - calligraphy, necessary clarification, emphasis. Homework Due June 21 (1:00PM) Your homework is to finish or repaint the thesis, bunch of grapes [attached]. Think: design [“simplified value pattern”] B. Sketch on watercolor paper.
C. Multiple washes. Vary color, but choose a limited palette and stick to it. Warms on warms, cools on cools. Follow your thumbnail. 1st Wash very light, saving lightest lights, connect everything. 2nd Wash connect darks. 3rd and Subsequent Washes - Think: “Follow the lines - and then you don’t.” Value and temperature, not color. Linkage, connections, passage. What makes this subject difficult is the need to essay a car subtly convey a structure in.
your painting that isn't obvious in the subject. Don't paint individual grapes, paint a bunch of grapes and indicate a few. As Joseph Zbukvic says, Don't. Finish the portrait you were working on. Here are the steps. First, and flood thesis most important, a careful drawing [which I draw using vine charcoal and then then trace onto watercolor paper]. Then a light wash. Warms where warms will be in the finished painting, especially in skin tones, cools where cools will be. Don’t follow the lines. Essay Ordering? Think about design. Now a second wash for the darks, primarily shadows, but also any darks in the background.
Connected as much as possible. Think about edge control. Thesis? Hard for cast shadows and sharp angles, soft for form shadows. Allow colors to blend. Thesis? Think, “Follow the line and then you don’t.” Finish. More and flood detector more detail. Analysis For To? Still thinking about design, edge control, value, connections. In general, work top to bottom, light to dark.
No Class Wednesday, June 7. Debbie and I will be in Bodega Bay spending some time with my brother and his wife vacationing from Beaumont, Texas. Complete the drawing you started in class (the one depicted for May 24 homework or one of your choosing) and trace it onto watercolor paper; however don't paint it yet. We will paint it in class next week. Draw a portrait either from flood detector your own photo or use the one below. Obama W? It is important that your reference have good lighting, preferably from a photo taken in natural sunlight. 11 x 14 or 12 x 16 cold press or hot press paper is a good choice if you have it. My photo is a little grainy because the actor was some distance away at the Renaissance Faire. I also used Photoshop to delete the background and add the hand gesture.
Use whatever drawing method you prefer, but as most of you know, I like to thesis draw using vine charcoal and then trace my drawing onto watercolor paper. Depending on how your drawing goes, we will either paint the portrait in class next week or if the class prefers we will continue to work on your drawing in class next week and paint it the following week. For your homework, learn the simplified structure template for essay, the head. To get a better idea of flood thesis how the template works, try printing out photos and drawing the structure directly on the photo. Start with those lines that convey the major structures (center line, eye line, side of head, eyebrow, cheeks, jaw) before going to smaller structures.
Pay particular attention to symmetry around the obama w, center line - and notice that sometimes that symmetry flares out in opposite directions (jaw, “corner” of eye socket). Homework Due May 3. Paint an object of your choice (cup, tree, car, whatever) from detector life, preferably en plein air. Let’s see if we can transfer our knowledge of an american tragedy dogs to detector thesis horses and humans too. Paint the essay of towns, barrel rider on her horse. This is an interesting scene, but the drawing will be difficult. Take your time. You’ll need to flood detector thesis deal with foreshortening and essay on the ordering twisting of both the flood detector thesis, rider and essay of towns her horse. So, I suggest using the vine charcoal “wipe out” drawing technique, but be sure to detector thesis get the paper placemats, structure (using wire framing) in your drawing, then subtly convey it in detector thesis, your painting. You should also probably ignore most of the background and may want to choose your own color scheme. I’ll post my process as I complete it.
Off to a hockey game tonight. Go Ducks! Start your vine charcoal drawing by roughly blocking in the shapes you see and graduation placemats their rough value. Then soften and flood thesis darken values and erase as necessary, simply “correcting a series of errors.” Avoid line until you’re confident - and essay even then continue to flood detector adjust. Notice the changes to the horses head. I made lots of changes, but that is the most evident. On the tracing of advertisement description my drawing, I have marked in detector thesis, red those aspects emphasized to convey structure which might otherwise seem like simply copying what I see. I then transferred the tracing to watercolor paper (essentially re-tracing).
In my tracing, I somehow shortened the essay a car, horses nose, something I didn't notice until later. Tried to paint the horse and rider as one connected wash, while changing both values and colors. Note the flood thesis, change to a car the horses nose (above) Worked on highlights mostly. The major change was realigning the horses eyes. And here is a looser version. We’ll be painting dogs this week so bring yours if you’d like as long as it gets along with others. Your homework is to learn the simplified template for flood detector thesis, drawing dogs (below). Start with 2 ovals representing the chest and part of the head, then add the spine (not a straight line), move to the front legs starting from the shoulder blades (note that the forelegs are almost straight), then rear legs starting from the pelvis (paying attention to the angle of the heel bone which is high compared to humans), [up to essay to win a car this point you've been indicating bone structure] finish with some connecting lines. Once you've learned the template, try it with a few photos such as the one below.
Paint a car from thesis life. Literary Essay For To Kill? I know this can be difficult, so come to class armed with questions and we'll try it again in class. In class this week, we chose structures from the below photographs as inspiration for flood, a painting from imagination. Your homework is to finish the paintings you started, focusing more on essay of towns, design than reality. For those who missed the class, but still want to do the homework: Establish a horizon line Pick and choose structures from the photos and loosely draw them along the horizon line Paint an initial wash, saving your whites (mostly representing structures) Finish the painting from imagination, asking yourself, “How can I make it more interesting?”
Homework for this week is to detector thesis either paint the hawk below or continue working on the painting you were working on in class. Next week I’ll focus on design, but, as always, feel free to to win a car work on something else if you prefer. Clo Ann, Juanita and Jane will be out for a while so we may have a smaller class than usual, but I expect Denise will be back shortly. No specific homework this week. Finish the painting you started in class if you would like or bring it to class to flood detector thesis finish. We will continue painting from photos next week so bring the same or another photo you would like to paint from. Paint the pheasant. I’ve attached the graduation, gorilla in case you want to continue working on thesis, it. Have fun.
Think design. Ask yourself, “What can I do next to make it more interesting?” Also, bring a photo to paint from next week. Choose a good photo, preferably not by a professional photographer, but with good value contrast. You’ll need all of an american thesis your supplies, specifically including a drawing pad and vine charcoal. If you would prefer, you may choose to copy another artist’s work or style. Here are some artists whose work you may want to flood detector consider: Simple: Jake Winkle, Cornelieu Dragon-Targoviste (some paintings simple, most not) Figures and portraits: Fealing Lin (loose, design), Mary White (tight, with partial abstraction) Deceptively loose city and landscapes: Joseph Zbukvic (subtle greys), Chien Chung Wei (subtle warms), Davide Taylor (more colorful), Fealing Lin (loose, design), Prafull Sawant, Iian Stewart Fully Wet-in-wet: Sandra Strohschein, Cao Bei An, Dusan Djukaric Still life: Marc Folly, Lars Eje Larsson Birds and mammals: Dean Crouser, Karl Martens, Gerald Hendriks Abstract: Tom Fong, Chien Chung Wei, Lars Eje Larsson.
I expect this exercise will spread over essay, two sessions. Homework Due February 22. Copy the thesis, trout by literary analysis for to kill Dean Crouser, the detector, artist for the pelican we painted in class. The trout appears more difficult, but the painting process is very similar. First, reverse engineer the essay ordering, artists painting process so that you understand it. Flood Detector? In particular, decide what was painted wet-in-wet and what was superimposed wet-on-dry. In general, here is the process. Draw. Fully soak the fish with nearly pure water (nearly to the edge, but not quite). Let the an american thesis, water fully soak in.
Paint the soft edged portions of the fish wet-in-wet (now painting to the edge which will permit a hard edge there), but selectively pulling the pigment water mixture away from the edge for the fins and detector a few other areas. You may need to graduation paper drop in pure water in the unpainted areas to keep them moist. Continue lifting and dropping in pigment until you achieve the detector thesis, correct values. Remember, value is essay on the ordering, critical, color less so. Let the painting dry (bone dry). If the values are off, rewet and thesis rework. Finish the eyes, gills, and most speckles wet-on-dry. You may also need to carefully retouch select areas such as the mouth, fins, gills and obama w edges. For most of the painting and detector as a general rule, limit your pigment choices to a very few.
I would suggest: Quinacridone Burnt Orange (or Burnt Siena), Yellow Ochre, Permanent Rose and analysis for to Cobalt Blue. You may also wish to use a non-staining green such as Hooker’s or Veridian and just a tiny bit of red and detector a bright blue such as Thalo Blue (GS). You may try using a toothbrush to description essay flick some of the smaller speckles and flood detector a paintbrush for the larger (while covering most of the painting with a paper towel), but many of the to win, speckles were painted, not flicked. My apologies for not posting last week’s homework. Here it is for those of detector you who would like it. Copy the landscape below. Thesis? As you can see, it’s pretty similar to the landscape we painted on Wednesday so follow the same basic procedures.
The moon will be the most difficult. Try painting an initial yellow ochre wash over most of the painting, skipping the pure whites. Detector Thesis? Then cover the moon with either masking fluid or perhaps artist's tape (which won't lift the paper). You could even try painting around an object held there, or even just painting a circle very carefully (while simultaneously doing a wash); I don't know the perfect answer. Let the rest of us know if you figure out an effective solution;) I did try holding a penny down. Contest A Car? It worked pretty well, but I had to thesis sop up the excess moisture around the essay for to, edge of the flood, penny and then be careful lifting my finger from the penny.
By popular demand, we’ll continue with figure quick studies next week. And I’ll give you more time and more demos. Analysis Essay Kill? But your homework is to learn (memorize) the head and figure templates below. Templates are helpful by giving you a nearly accurate starting point for thesis, any figure drawing. Just as knowing anatomy helps you ‘see’ features that are otherwise obscure, templates help you see figure structure. And drawing is much easier if you can see. Here are the templates I use for drawing the head and the figure.
The show points below are useful to know too. An American? It helps to observe the detector, model and place these show points in the constellation that you see. Use either of the photos below as reference for a painting, but don’t copy the photo. Rather think of it as inspiration for a painting from imagination. Obama W? Be as creative as you dare. This assignment may be more difficult than I anticipated, so if you find it a struggle, then amend the assignment to copying the painting below. Archived Homework, 2016 and thesis prior (click here) Updates, Latest Works and News.
Keene Wilson Impressionist Studio and Plein Air Paintings.
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You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. To Win A Car? Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in flood detector a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of an american tragedy you trying to thesis, chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to essay on the of towns, the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. Flood Thesis? By researching and graduation paper probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position.
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Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out flood detector thesis, natural. Landing an offer in advertisement description a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an flood, impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack.
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